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Detrital zircon U–Pb–Hf systematics of Ediacaran metasediments from the French Massif Central: Consequences for the crustal evolution of the north Gondwana margin

Abstract : Combining U–Pb and Lu-Hf isotopic data of detrital zircon grains has proven a powerful tool to unravel theprovenance of sediments and address continental crust evolution. In this study, we explore the origin of thicksiliciclastic metasedimentary units from the high-grade internal domains of the Variscan belt of Europe andexamine their significance for Neoproterozoic crust formation and evolution along the North Gondwana margin.We present data and U–Pb/Lu–Hf systematics of detrital zircons from five amphibolite-facies metasedimentssampled in the eastern French Massif Central, measured in situ by LA–(MC)–ICP–MS. The sedimentary protolithswere deposited in the Ediacaran as evidenced by field relationships and maximum depositional ages rangingbetween 592.4 ± 5.5 and 556.8 ± 5.1 Ma. All samples contain three main zircon populations in terms of agedistribution and Hf isotopes: (i) abundant 0.55–0.65 Ga zircons with considerably scattered εHf(t) from −19 to+14; (ii) varied amounts of 0.65–1.0 Ga zircons showing dominantly positive εHf(t) with the exception of the c.1.0 Ga zircons; and (iii) ≥1.8 Ga zircons (mostly between 1.9–2.1 and 2.5–2.8, up to 3.2 Ga) with εHf(t) rangingbetween +5 and −7. Multidimensional scaling of our U–Pb dataset and a data compilation of Ediacaran toLower Cambrian (meta)sediments from the North Gondwana margin reveals that the relative proportions of thethree age components carry discriminant provenance information. Geological data indicate that the Ediacaranbasins of the eastern French Massif Central collected the erosion products of two main source regions: (i) theNeoproterozoic Cadomian magmatic arc; and (ii) the cratonic hinterland, mostly from the Saharan Metacratonand the Arabian-Nubian Shield. Our dataset attests to the reworking of: (i) juvenile Neoproterozoic crust and, (ii)old Paleoproterozoic to Neoarchean crustal components, either as part of the detritus or incorporated inNeoproterozoic arc magmas. First-order estimates derived from the isotopic signature of S-type granitic magmassourced in the Ediacaran metasediments suggest that 60–75% of the detritus would correspond to youngNeoproterozoic crust and thus represent net additions to the continental crust volume.
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Simon Couzinié, Oscar Laurent, Cyril Chelle-Michou, Pierre Bouilhol, Jean-Louis Paquette, et al.. Detrital zircon U–Pb–Hf systematics of Ediacaran metasediments from the French Massif Central: Consequences for the crustal evolution of the north Gondwana margin. Precambrian Research, Elsevier, 2019, 324, pp.269-284. ⟨10.1016/j.precamres.2019.01.016⟩. ⟨hal-02026217⟩

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