Simple Phenomenological Model for Phase Transitions in Confined Geometry. 2. Capillary Condensation/Evaporation in Cylindrical Mesopores

Abstract : A simple phenomenological model that describes capillary condensation and evaporation of pure fluids confined in cylindrical mesopores is presented. Following the work of Celestini (Celestini, F. Phys. Lett. A 1997, 228, 84), the free energy density of the system is derived using interfacial tensions and a corrective term that accounts for the interaction coupling between the vapor/adsorbed liquid and the adsorbed liquid/adsorbent interfaces. This corrective term is shown to be consistent with the Gibbs adsorption isotherm and assessed by standard adsorption tests. This model reveals that capillary condensation and evaporation are metastable and equilibrium processes, respectively, hence exhibiting the existence of a hysteresis loop inadsorption/desorption isotherm that is well-known in experiment. We extend the phenomenological model of Celestini to give a quantitative description of adsorption on the pore wall and hysteresis width evolution with temperature and confinement. Direct quantitative comparison is made with experimental data for confined argon. Used as a characterizing tool, this integrated model allows in a single fit of an experimental adsorption/desorption isotherm assessing essential characterization data such as the specific surface area, pore volume, and mean pore size.
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Langmuir, American Chemical Society, 2009, 25 (3), pp.1393-1402. 〈10.1021/la8020244〉
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Roland J.-M. Pellenq, Benoit Coasne, Renaud O. Denoyel, Olivier Coussy. Simple Phenomenological Model for Phase Transitions in Confined Geometry. 2. Capillary Condensation/Evaporation in Cylindrical Mesopores. Langmuir, American Chemical Society, 2009, 25 (3), pp.1393-1402. 〈10.1021/la8020244〉. 〈hal-00362362〉

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