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Des méthodes et des hommes. La production sociale du savoir sur l’efficacité de la peine de mort

Abstract : Rational choice theory has given birth to a massive amount of quantitative empirical knowledge on the deterrent effect of punishment, a field in which results are often confusing and discordant. This paper explores the research communities working on the correlation between executions and homicides, and identifies a « vocal minority » of academics who are very favorable to the death penalty. Knowing the name of the author of an article is a better predictor of the correlations found by the article that the type of data used. This study also shows the typical profile of an author who has a large amount of pro-death penalty results: an American economist, who does not present himself as a specialist in crime and punishment, and who teaches in a faculty ranked lower than the one where he obtained his PhD. On the other hand, sociologists and economists of high-ranking universities tend to find results closer to a « zero » effect of the death penalty on homicide.
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Sacha Raoult. Des méthodes et des hommes. La production sociale du savoir sur l’efficacité de la peine de mort. Deviance & Societe, Medecine et Hygiene, 2015, 39 (1), pp.99-121. ⟨hal-01196374⟩

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