H. Atieli, G. Zhou, Y. Afrane, M. Lee, I. Mwanzo et al., Insecticidetreated net (ITN) ownership, usage, and malaria transmission in the highlands of western Kenya. Parasites Vectors, p.113, 2011.

A. Bhattarai, A. Ali, S. Kachur, A. Martensson, A. Abbas et al., Impact of Artemisinin-Based Combination Therapy and Insecticide-Treated Nets on Malaria Burden in Zanzibar, PLoS Medicine, vol.71, issue.11, p.309, 2007.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pmed.0040309.t004

J. Trape, C. Sauvage, O. Ndiaye, L. Douillot, A. Marra et al., New Malaria-Control Policies and Child Mortality in Senegal: Reaching Millennium Development Goal 4, Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol.205, issue.4, pp.672-681, 2012.
DOI : 10.1093/infdis/jir805

D. 'alessandro, U. Olaleye, B. Mcguire, W. Langerock, P. Bennett et al., Mortality and morbidity from malaria in Gambian children after introduction of an impregnated bednet programme, The Lancet, vol.345, issue.8948, pp.479-83, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/S0140-6736(95)90582-0

H. Choi, J. Breman, S. Teutsch, S. Liu, A. Hightower et al., The effectiveness of insecticide-impregnated bed nets in reducing cases of malaria infection: a meta-analysis of published results, Am J Trop Med Hyg, vol.52, issue.5, pp.377-82, 1995.

H. Ranson, N. Guessan, R. Lines, J. Moiroux, N. Nkuni et al., Pyrethroid resistance in African anopheline mosquitoes: what are the implications for malaria control? Trends Parasitol, pp.91-99, 2011.

J. Trape, A. Tall, N. Diagne, O. Ndiath, A. Ly et al., Malaria morbidity and pyrethroid resistance after the introduction of insecticide-treated bednets and artemisinin-based combination therapies: a longitudinal study, The Lancet Infectious Diseases, vol.11, issue.12, pp.925-957, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/S1473-3099(11)70194-3

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00618289

A. Roca-feltrer, C. Kwizombe, M. Sanjoaquin, S. Sesay, B. Faragher et al., Lack of Decline in Childhood Malaria, Malawi, 2001???2010, Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol.18, issue.2, pp.272-280, 2001.
DOI : 10.3201/eid1802.111008

G. Zhou, Y. Afrane, A. Vardo-zalik, H. Atieli, D. Zhong et al., Changing Patterns of Malaria Epidemiology between 2002 and 2010 in Western Kenya: The Fall and Rise of Malaria, PLoS ONE, vol.103, issue.5, p.20318, 2011.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0020318.t001

J. Trape, C. Rogier, L. Konate, N. Diagne, H. Bouganali et al., The Dielmo project: a longitudinal study of natural malaria infection and the mechanisms of protective immunity in a community living in a holoendemic area of Senegal, Am J Trop Med Hyg, vol.51, issue.2, pp.123-160, 1994.

J. Trape, A. Tall, C. Sokhna, A. Ly, N. Diagne et al., The rise and fall of malaria in a west African rural community, Dielmo, Senegal, from 1990 to 2012: a 22 year longitudinal study, The Lancet Infectious Diseases, vol.14, issue.6, pp.476-88, 2014.
DOI : 10.1016/S1473-3099(14)70712-1

C. Roucher, C. Rogier, F. Dieye-ba, C. Sokhna, A. Tall et al., Changing Malaria Epidemiology and Diagnostic Criteria for Plasmodium falciparum Clinical Malaria, PLoS ONE, vol.7, issue.9, p.46188, 2012.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0046188.t002

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00836494

R. Stiratelli, N. Laird, and J. Ware, Random-Effects Models for Serial Observations with Binary Response, Biometrics, vol.40, issue.4, pp.961-71, 1984.
DOI : 10.2307/2531147

M. Hamel, K. Adazu, D. Obor, M. Sewe, J. Vulule et al., A reversal in reductions of child mortality in western Kenya, 2003.

C. Watsierah, R. Onyango, J. Ombaka, B. Abong-'o, and C. Ouma, Provider knowledge of treatment policy and dosing regimen with artemether-lumefantrine and quinine in malaria-endemic areas of western Kenya, Malaria Journal, vol.11, issue.1, p.436, 2012.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2005.01486.x

I. Mcgregor and R. Wilson, Specific immunity: acquired in man, Malaria: principles and practice of malarialogy, pp.559-619, 1988.

O. Meara, W. Mwangi, T. Williams, T. Mckenzie, F. Snow et al., Relationship between exposure, clinical malaria, and age in an area of changing transmission intensity, Am J Trop Med Hyg, vol.79, issue.2, pp.185-91, 2008.

I. Bates, C. Fenton, J. Gruber, D. Lalloo, A. Lara et al., Vulnerability to malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV/AIDS infection and disease. Part II: determinants operating at environmental and institutional level, The Lancet Infectious Diseases, vol.4, issue.6, pp.368-75, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/S1473-3099(04)01047-3

M. Tanner and C. Vlassoff, Treatment-seeking behaviour for malaria: A typology based on endemicity and gender, Social Science & Medicine, vol.46, issue.4-5, pp.4-5523, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0277-9536(97)00195-0

C. Lengeler, Insecticide-treated bed nets and curtains for preventing malaria, Cochrane Database Syst Rev, vol.2, issue.1, p.363, 2004.
DOI : 10.1002/14651858.CD000363.pub2

A. Asidi, N. Guessan, R. Akogbeto, M. Curtis, C. et al., Loss of Household Protection from Use of Insecticide-Treated Nets against Pyrethroid-Resistant Mosquitoes, Benin, Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol.18, issue.7, pp.1101-1107, 2012.
DOI : 10.3201/eid1807.120218

M. Henry, S. Assi, C. Rogier, J. Dossou-yovo, F. Chandre et al., Protective efficacy of lambda-cyhalothrin treated nets in Anopheles gambiae pyrethroid resistance areas of Cote d'Ivoire, Am J Trop Med Hyg, vol.73, issue.5, pp.859-64, 2005.

C. Wondji, M. Coleman, I. Kleinschmidt, T. Mzilahowa, H. Irving et al., Impact of pyrethroid resistance on operational malaria control in Malawi, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.109, issue.47, pp.19063-70, 2012.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.1217229109

J. Berthelemy, J. Thuilliez, O. Doumbo, and J. Gaudart, Malaria and protective behaviours: is there a malaria trap?, Malaria Journal, vol.12, issue.1, p.200, 2013.
DOI : 10.1186/1475-2875-12-200

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00838508

S. Abay, Blocking malaria transmission to Anopheles mosquitoes using artemisinin derivatives and primaquine: a systematic review and metaanalysis . Parasites Vectors, p.278, 2013.

K. Barnes, D. Durrheim, F. Little, A. Jackson, U. Mehta et al., Effect of Artemether-Lumefantrine Policy and Improved Vector Control on Malaria Burden in KwaZulu???Natal, South Africa, PLoS Medicine, vol.9, issue.11, p.330, 2005.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pmed.0020330.t001

M. Makanga, A review of the effects of artemether-lumefantrine on gametocyte carriage and disease transmission, Malaria Journal, vol.13, issue.1, p.291, 2014.
DOI : 10.1186/1475-2875-13-291

F. Diop, V. Richard, B. Diouf, C. Sokhna, N. Diagne et al., Dramatic declines in seropositivity as determined with crude extracts of Plasmodium falciparum schizonts between 2000 and 2010 in Dielmo and Ndiop, Senegal, Dielmo and Ndiop, p.83, 2000.
DOI : 10.1186/1475-2875-12-67

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00971401