Quantitative analysis of light scattering in polarization-resolved nonlinear microscopy

Hilton B. de Aguiar 1 Paulina Gasecka 1 Sophie Brasselet 1, *
* Corresponding author
1 MOSAIC - MOSAIC
FRESNEL - Institut FRESNEL
Abstract : Polarization resolved nonlinear microscopy (PRNM) is a powerful technique to gain microscopic structural information in biological media. However, deep imaging in a variety of biological specimens is hindered by light scattering phenomena, which not only degrades the image quality but also affects the polarization state purity. In order to quantify this phenomenon and give a framework for polarization resolved microscopy in thick scattering tissues, we develop a characterization methodology based on four wave mixing (FWM) process. More specifically, we take advantage of two unique features of FWM, meaning its ability to produce an intrinsic in-depth local coherent source and its capacity to quantify the presence of light depolarization in isotropic regions inside a sample. By exploring diverse experimental layouts in phantoms with different scattering properties, we study systematically the influence of scattering on the nonlinear excitation and emission processes. The results show that depolarization mechanisms for the nonlinearly generated photons are highly dependent on the scattering center size, the geometry used (epi/forward) and, most importantly, on the thickness of the sample. We show that the use of an un-analyzed detection makes the polarization-dependence read-out highly robust to scattering effects, even in regimes where imaging might be degraded. The effects are illustrated in polarization resolved imaging of myelin lipid organization in mouse spinal cords
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Hilton B. de Aguiar, Paulina Gasecka, Sophie Brasselet. Quantitative analysis of light scattering in polarization-resolved nonlinear microscopy. Optics Express, Optical Society of America, 2015, 23, pp.8960-8973. ⟨10.1364/OE.23.008960⟩. ⟨hal-01216129⟩

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