Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Mutual medication in capuchin monkeys – Social anointing improves coverage of topically applied anti-parasite medicines

Abstract : Wild and captive capuchin monkeys will anoint themselves with a range of strong smelling substances including millipedes, ants, limes and onions. Hypotheses for the function of the behaviour range from medicinal to social. However, capuchin monkeys may anoint in contact with other individuals, as well as individually. The function of social anointing has also been explained as either medicinal or to enhance social bonding. By manipulating the abundance of an anointing resource given to two groups of tufted capuchins, we tested predictions derived from the main hypotheses for the functions of anointing and in particular, social anointing. Monkeys engaged in individual and social anointing in similar proportions when resources were rare or common, and monkeys holding resources continued to join anointing groups, indicating that social anointing has functions beyond that of gaining access to resources. The distribution of individual and social anointing actions on the monkeys' bodies supports a medicinal function for both individual and social anointing, that requires no additional social bonding hypotheses. Individual anointing targets hard-to-see body parts that are harder to groom, whilst social anointing targets hard-to-reach body parts. Social anointing in capuchins is a form of mutual medication that improves coverage of topically applied anti-parasite medicines.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [50 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01235830
Contributor : Administrateur Hal Amu <>
Submitted on : Monday, November 30, 2015 - 5:24:43 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 23, 2019 - 4:42:02 PM

File

srep15030.pdf
Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Mark Bowler, Emily J. E. Messer, Nicolas Claidière, Andrew Whiten. Mutual medication in capuchin monkeys – Social anointing improves coverage of topically applied anti-parasite medicines. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2015, 5 (15030), ⟨10.1038/srep15030⟩. ⟨hal-01235830⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

3412

Files downloads

240