Symptomatologie dépressive à l'adolescence : rôle de la personnalité et de la conscience émotionnelle

Abstract : Aim of the study. The aim of the study was to analyze the relating contribution of personality dimensions referring to Cloninger’s model and emotional awareness to depressive symptoms intensity, in a community sample of adolescents. Our purpose was also to investigate the mediating role of the emotional awareness on the personality-depression relationship. Method. A sample of 372 school students completed the following questionnaires: the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire (TPQ), the Level of Emotional Awareness Scale (LEAS), and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale (CES-D). Results. Correlationnal and multiple hierarchical regressions analysis confirmed the existence of direct links between each personality dimensions and depression, and the partial mediating effect of emotional awareness, but only for the novelty seeking and the harm avoidance dimensions. Conclusion. Our results confirm the relationships observed in previous research between emotion awareness and depression on one hand, and between personality and depression on the other hand. They highlight the major role played by personality and emotional processing in the vulnerability to present depressive symptoms. The importance of taking in account and assess the emotional processing in the adolescent’s depression clinical support is discussed.
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Vincent Bréjard, Agnes Bonnet, Aurélie Pasquier, Jean-Louis Pedinielli. Symptomatologie dépressive à l'adolescence : rôle de la personnalité et de la conscience émotionnelle . Neuropsychiatrie de l'Enfance et de l'Adolescence, Elsevier Masson, 2011, 59 (3), pp.157-162. ⟨10.1016/j.neurenf.2010.07.013⟩. ⟨hal-01273518⟩

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