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Droit public-droit privé : de la summa divisio à la ratio divisio ?

Abstract : In France, the distinction between public law and private law seems to be the primary and structuring division of the whole law. Any norm and any institution necessarily belong to the public hemisphere or to the private hemisphere of the legal world and that is why this divisio is named “summa” (supreme). In the French positive law, in the French legal doctrine and in the French law schools, nothing seems to escape from this binary and manichean presentation. But, if it is based on modern foundations that have undoubtedly spent his cardinal role, it is far to embody an eternal and universal truth of any legal phenomenon: historically, it has become late, whereas now, as the law becomes “postmodern”, there is more and more legal data that it pains to accommodate. Also this contribution preferably 3 Boris Barraud, « Droit public - droit privé : de la summa divisio à la ratio divisio ? » (manuscrit de l’auteur) retains the idea of “ratio divisio” (rational or reasonable division), which, while recognizing the lasting relevance of the separation of public law and private law, tolerates the existence of a “trans-law” irreducible in either dimension.
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Boris Barraud. Droit public-droit privé : de la summa divisio à la ratio divisio ?. Revue de la Recherche Juridique - Droit prospectif, Presses Universitaires d'Aix-Marseille, 2015, p. 1101 s. ⟨hal-01367507⟩

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