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Magnetic resonance spectroscopy of paragangliomas: new insights into in vivo metabolomics

Abstract : Paragangliomas (PGLs) can be associated with mutations in genes of the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle. Succinate dehydrogenase (SDHx) mutations are the prime examples of genetically determined TCA cycle defects with accumulation of succinate. Succinate, which acts as an oncometabolite, can be detected by ex vivo metabolomics approaches. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential role of proton magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) for identifying SDHx-related PGLs in vivo and noninvasively. Eight patients were prospectively evaluated with single voxel (1)H-MRS. MR spectra from eight tumors (four SDHx-related PGLs, two sporadic PGLs, one cervical schwannoma, and one cervical neurofibroma) were acquired and interpreted qualitatively. Compared to other tumors, a succinate resonance peak was detected only in SDHx-related tumor patients. Spectra quality was considered good in three cases, medium in two cases, poor in two cases, and uninterpretable in the latter case. Smaller lesions had lower spectra quality compared to larger lesions. Jugular PGLs also exhibited a poorer spectra quality compared to other locations. (1)H-MRS has always been challenging in terms of its technical requisites. This is even more true for the evaluation of head and neck tumors. However, (1)H-MRS might be added to the classical MR sequences for metabolomic characterization of PGLs. In vivo detection of succinate might guide genetic testing, characterize SDHx variants of unknown significance (in the absence of available tumor sample), and even optimize a selection of appropriate therapies.
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Arthur Varoquaux, Yann Le Fur, Alessio Imperiale, Antony Reyre, Marion Montava, et al.. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy of paragangliomas: new insights into in vivo metabolomics. Endocrine-Related Cancer, BioScientifica, 2015, 22 (4), pp.M1-8. ⟨10.1530/ERC-15-0246⟩. ⟨hal-01414336⟩

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