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Description of Conical Intersections with Density Functional Methods

Abstract : Conical intersections are perhaps the most significant mechanistic features of chemical reactions occurring through excited states. By providing funnels for efficient non-adiabatic population transfer, conical intersections govern the branching ratio of products of such reactions, similar to what the transition states do for ground-state reactivity. In this regard, intersections between the ground and the lowest excited states play a special role, and the correct description of the potential energy surfaces in their vicinity is crucial for understanding the mechanism and dynamics of excited-state reactions. The methods of density functional theory, such as time-dependent density functional theory, are widely used to describe the excited states of large molecules. However, are these methods suitable for describing the conical intersections or do they lead to artifacts and, consequently, to erroneous description of reaction dynamics? Here we address the first part of this question and analyze the ability of several density functional approaches, including the linear-response time-dependent approach as well as the spin-flip and ensemble formalisms, to provide the correct description of conical intersections and the potential energy surfaces in their vicinity. It is demonstrated that the commonly used linear-response time-dependent theory does not yield a proper description of these features and that one should instead use alternative computational approaches.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 12, 2016 - 6:48:58 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 5, 2019 - 10:40:03 AM


  • HAL Id : hal-01415148, version 1



Miquel Huix-Rotllant, Alexander Nikiforov, Walter Thiel, Michael Filatov. Description of Conical Intersections with Density Functional Methods. Ferré, N. and Filatov, M. and HuixRotllant, M. Density-Functional Methods for Excited States, 368, pp.445--476, 2016. ⟨hal-01415148⟩



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