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Hypoperfusion of the thalamus is associated with disability in relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis

Abstract : BACKGROUND: While gray matter (GM) perfusion abnormalities have been evidenced in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, the relationships with disability still remain unclear. Considering that atrophy is known to impact on perfusion, we aimed to assess perfusion abnormalities in GM of MS patients, outside atrophic regions and investigate relationships with disability. METHODS: Brain perfusion of 23 relapsing remitting MS patients and 16 matched healthy subjects were assessed at 3T using the pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling magnetic resonance imaging technique. In order to locate potential GM perfusion abnormalities in regions spared by atrophy, we combined voxelwise comparisons of GM cerebral blood flow (CBF) maps (cortex and deep GM) (P\textless0.005, FWE-corrected) and voxel-based-morphometry analysis (P\textless0.005, FDR-corrected) to exclude atrophic regions. Disability was assessed using the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) and the Multiple Sclerosis Functional Composite score (MSFC). RESULTS: In patients, significant GM hypoperfusion outside atrophic regions was depicted only in bilateral thalami. No other cluster was found to be hypoperfused compared to controls. Perfusion of thalami was correlated to MSFC (P=0.011, rho=0.523). A trend of correlation was found between perfusion of thalami and EDSS (P=0.061, rho=-0.396). CONCLUSION: In relapsing remitting MS, perfusion abnormalities in thalamic regions contribute to disability. These findings suggest that functional impairments of thalami, representing a major brain hub, may disturb various cerebral functions even before structural damage.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01425506
Contributor : Monique Bernard <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 3, 2017 - 3:55:48 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 19, 2020 - 12:08:19 PM

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Emilie Doche, Angèle Lecocq, Adil Maarouf, Guillaume Duhamel, Elisabeth Soulier, et al.. Hypoperfusion of the thalamus is associated with disability in relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis. Journal de Neuroradiologie / Journal of Neuroradiology, Elsevier Masson, 2016, ⟨10.1016/j.neurad.2016.10.001⟩. ⟨hal-01425506⟩

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