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Vibration-induced post-effects: A means to improve postural asymmetry in lower leg amputees?

Abstract : Muscle vibration has been shown to induce long-lasting and oriented alteration of standing posture in healthy individuals. The postural alterations can last several minutes following the end of vibration and are called post-effects. The goal of this study was to determine whether persons with lower leg amputation that show persistent postural asymmetry after usual rehabilitation experience these postural post-effects and if this could improve their weight bearing on the prosthesis. Centre of pressure (CP) position during stance was recorded prior to and up to 13 min after a 30 s unilateral vibration applied during sitting to lateral neck (trapezius) or hip (gluteus medius) muscles in 14 individuals with unilateral lower leg amputation and 18 controls. The amputees' postural asymmetry was confirmed prior to the vibration intervention. A CP displacement, without an increase in CP velocity, was observed in both groups of participants over the 13 min post-vibration. For both the neck or hip vibration sites, the CP shifts were directed in the medio-lateral plane and were oriented either towards the vibrated side or the opposite side across subjects. This led to a decrease of postural asymmetry in half of the group of amputees. Within subject, the orientation of the post-effect was constant and changed to the opposite direction with vibration of the opposite body side. It is suggested that the post-effects are produced by a change of the postural reference consequent to the sustained proprioceptive message induced during the muscle vibration period. The orientation of the post-effects is discussed in relation to the notion of reference frame preference. All in all, because post-effect orientation is constant within subject and adaptive, future studies should investigate if individuals with lower leg amputation could benefit from postural post-effects induced by muscle vibration to improve function. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01437969
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 17, 2017 - 2:40:41 PM
Last modification on : Monday, July 20, 2020 - 12:34:51 PM

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C. Duclos, R. Roll, A. Kavounoudias, J.-P. Roll, R. Forget. Vibration-induced post-effects: A means to improve postural asymmetry in lower leg amputees?. Gait and Posture, Elsevier, 2007, 26 (4), pp.595-602. ⟨10.1016/j.gaitpost.2006.12.005⟩. ⟨hal-01437969⟩

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