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From balance regulation to body orientation: two goals for muscle proprioceptive information processing?

Abstract : This study was based on the assumption that the central processing of proprioceptive inputs that arise from numerous muscles contributes to both awareness and control of body posture. The muscle-spindle inputs form a ``proprioceptive chain'' which functionally links the eye muscles to the foot muscles. Here, we focused on the specific contribution of two links in the control of human erect posture by investigating how proprioceptive messages arising from ankle and neck muscles may be integrated by the central nervous system. Single or combined mechanical vibrations were applied to different muscle tendons at either one (ankle or neck) or both (ankle plus neck) body levels. The amplitude and the specific direction of the resulting oriented body tilts were analyzed by recording the center of foot pressure (CoP) through a force platform with four strain gauges. The results can be summarized as follows: (1) the vibration-induced whole-body tilts were oriented according to the muscles stimulated; furthermore, the tilts were in opposite directions when neck or ankle muscles on the same side of the body were stimulated; (2) except for the ankle antagonist muscles, co-vibrating adjacent or antagonist muscles at the same body level (ankle or neck) resulted in body sways, whose orientation was a combination of those obtained by stimulating these muscles separately; and (3) likewise, co-vibrating ankle and neck muscles induced whole-body postural responses, whose direction and amplitude were a combination of those obtained by separate vibration. We conclude that the multiple proprioceptive inputs originating from either one or both body levels may be co-processed in terms of vector-addition laws. Moreover, we propose that proprioceptive information from ankle and neck muscles may be used for two tasks: balance control and body orientation, with central integration of both tasks.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01437972
Contributor : Anne Kavounoudias <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 17, 2017 - 2:40:47 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 18, 2018 - 2:03:45 AM

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A Kavounoudias, Jc Gilhodes, R Roll, Jp Roll. From balance regulation to body orientation: two goals for muscle proprioceptive information processing?. Experimental Brain Research, Springer Verlag, 1999, 124 (1), pp.80-88. ⟨10.1007/s002210050602⟩. ⟨hal-01437972⟩

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