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Temps des troubles et troubles du temps. L'enjeu de la datation dans la pacification du royaume (1562-1598)

Abstract : This paper tries to show, at the time of the wars of Religion, that the stakes of the conflicts around the dates are always interested: to obtain a temple, to be forgiven for its crime, to legitimize a procession, to be able to hope to recover its property. With regard to these stakes, which are decisive, the two confessional groups go, with unequal weapons, to manipulate time, that is, to lie on dates. In his Reflections of a historian on the false news of war, Marc Bloch quotes a German proverb: "When war occurs / lies abound." But he goes on to point out that "the critical work is not everything for the historian. Error is not for him only the foreign body which he endeavors to eliminate from all the precision of his instruments; It also considers it as an object of study [...]. False narratives have aroused crowds. The false news, in all the multiplicity of their forms-simple tales, impostures, legends-have filled the life of humanity. "In time of civil war, time is not a measuring instrument, neutral, The conflict is unfolding: it is also the stake of the conflict; History is not only the theater of a misunderstanding, but rather the object of disagreement. What really happened? What should we forget? Because of the time limits covered by the statute of limitations, the very dates of certain events are the subject of infinite debate and change according to the interests involved: whether a murder took place on 5 or 9 March 1563 radically transforms the qualification Of the event and decides whether or not to prosecute the murderer.
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 26, 2017 - 1:54:12 PM
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Jérémie Foa. Temps des troubles et troubles du temps. L'enjeu de la datation dans la pacification du royaume (1562-1598). Pierre Bonin, Fanny Cosandey, Élie Haddad et Anne Rousselet-Pimont (dir.). À la croisée des temps. Approches d’histoire politique, juridique et sociale, PUR, pp.19-30, 2016, 978-2-7535-5002-5. ⟨hal-01446888⟩

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