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Probing the Motional Behavior of Eumelanin and Pheomelanin with Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy: New Insights into the Pigment Properties

Abstract : Melanin is the most widespread pigment in the animal kingdom. Despite its importance, its detailed structure and overall molecular architecture remain elusive. Both eumelanin (black) and pheomelanin (red) occur in the human body. These two melanin compounds show very different responses to UV-radiation exposure, which could relate to their microscopic features. Herein, the structural properties and motional behavior of natural eu- and pheomelanin extracted from black and red human hair are investigated by means of solid-state NMR spectroscopy. Several 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic techniques were combined to highlight the differences between the two forms of the pigment. The quantitative analysis of the 1H NMR wide-line spectra extracted from 2D 1H13C LG-WISE experiments revealed the presence of two dynamically distinguishable components in both forms. Remarkably, the more mobile fraction of the pigment showed a higher mobility with respect to the proteinaceous components that coexist in the melanosome, which is particularly evident for the red pigment. An explanation of the observed effects takes into account the different architecture of the proteinaceous matrix that constitutes the physical substrate onto which melanin polymerizes within the eu- and pheomelanosomes. Further insight into the molecular structure of the more mobile fraction of pheomelanin was also obtained by means of the analysis of 2D 1H13C INEPT experiments. Our view is that not only structural features inherent in the pure pigment, but also the role of the matrix structure in defining the overall melanin supramolecular arrangement and the resulting dynamic behavior of the two melanin compounds should be taken into account to explain their functions. The reported results could pave a new way toward the explanation of the molecular origin of the differences in the photoprotection activity displayed by black and red melanin pigments.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 7, 2017 - 4:40:02 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 14, 2021 - 8:42:06 AM

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Pierre Thureau, Fabio Ziarelli, André Thévand, Rachel W. Martin, Patrick J. Farmer, et al.. Probing the Motional Behavior of Eumelanin and Pheomelanin with Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy: New Insights into the Pigment Properties. Chemistry - A European Journal, 2012, 18 (34), pp.10689--10700. ⟨10.1002/chem.201200277⟩. ⟨hal-01460428⟩



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