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Anomerization of Acrylated Glucose During Traveling Wave Ion Mobility Spectrometry

Abstract : Anomerization of simple sugars in the liquid phase is known as an acid- and base-catalyzed process, which highly depends on solvent polarity. This reaction is reported here to occur in the gas phase, during traveling wave ion mobility spectrometry (TWIMS) experiments aimed at separating alpha- and beta-anomers of penta-acrylated glucose generated as ammonium adducts in electrospray ionization. This compound was available in two samples prepared from glucose dissolved in solvents of different polarity, namely tetrahydrofuran (THF) and N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMAC), and analyzed by electrospray tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS) as well as traveling wave ion mobility (ESI-TWIMS-MS). In MS/MS, an anchimerically-assisted process was found to be unique to the electrosprayed alpha-anomer, and was only observed for the THF sample. In ESI-TWIMS-MS, a signal was measured at the drift time expected for the alpha-anomer for both the THF and DMAC samples, in apparent contradiction to the MS/MS results, which indicated that the alpha-anomer was not present in the DMAC sample. However, MS/MS experiments performed after TWIMS separation revealed that ammonium adducts of the alpha-anomer produced from each sample, although exhibiting the same collision cross section, were clearly different. Indeed, while the alpha-anomer actually present in the THF sample was electrosprayed with the ammonium adducted at the C2 acrylate, its homologue only observed when the DMAC sample was subjected to TWIMS hold the adducted ammonium at the C1 acrylate. These findings were explained by a beta/alpha inter-conversion upon injection in the TWIMS cell, as supported by theoretical calculation and dynamic molecular modeling.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 7, 2017 - 5:01:27 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 11, 2022 - 10:24:04 AM

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Christophe Chendo, Guillaume Moreira, Aura Tintaru, Paola Posocco, Erik Laurini, et al.. Anomerization of Acrylated Glucose During Traveling Wave Ion Mobility Spectrometry. Journal of The American Society for Mass Spectrometry, American Chemical Society 2015, 26 (9), pp.1483--1493. ⟨10.1007/s13361-015-1170-6⟩. ⟨hal-01460554⟩



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