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Role of the Outer Membrane and Porins in Susceptibility of β -Lactamase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae to Ceftazidime-Avibactam

Abstract : This study examined the activity of the novel antimicrobial combination ceftazidime-avibactam against Enterobacteriaceae exhibiting different outer membrane permeability profiles, specifically with or without porins and with or without expression of the main efflux pump (AcrAB-TolC). The addition of the outer membrane permeabilizer polymyxin B nonapeptide increased the antibacterial activities of avibactam alone, ceftazidime alone, and ceftazidime-avibactam against the characterized clinical isolates of Escherichia coli, Enterobacter aerogenes, and Klebsiella pneumoniae. This enhancement of activities was mainly due to increased passive penetration of compounds since inhibition of efflux by the addition of phenylalanine-arginine-naphthylam-ide affected the MICs minimally. OmpF (OmpK35) or OmpC (OmpK36) pores were not the major route by which avibactam crossed the outer membranes of E. coli and K. pneumoniae. In contrast, Omp35 and Omp36 allowed diffusion of avibactam across the outer membrane of E. aerogenes, although other diffusion channels for avibactam were also present in that species. It was clear that outer membrane permeability and outer membrane pore-forming proteins play a key role in the activity of ceftazi-dime-avibactam. Nevertheless, the MICs of ceftazidime-avibactam (with 4 mg/liter avibactam) against the ceftazidime-resistant clinical isolates of the three species of Enterobacteriaceae studied were <8 mg/liter, regardless of outer membrane permeability changes resulting from an absence of defined porin proteins or upregulation of efflux.
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Jean-Marie Pagès, Sabine Peslier, Thomas Keating, Jean-Philippe Lavigne, Wright Nichols. Role of the Outer Membrane and Porins in Susceptibility of β -Lactamase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae to Ceftazidime-Avibactam. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, American Society for Microbiology, 2015, 60, pp.1349 - 1359. ⟨10.1128/AAC.01585-15⟩. ⟨hal-01462965⟩

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