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Comparative study of the cation permeability of protonic, anionic and ampholytic membranes

Abstract : The vanadium ion permeability of various ion-conducting polymer membranes was determined using a home-made apparatus. The study includes proton-conducting sulfonated poly(ether ether ketone) (SPEEK) with various cross-linking degrees, anion-conducting membranes, such as polysulfone with quaternary ammonium groups (PSU-QA) and sulfaminated PEEK (SA-PEEK), and amphoteric membranes based on PEEK containing both sulfonic and sulfonamide groups (SAM-PEEK) that can conduct both cations and anions. The polymer structure was investigated by NMR spectroscopy. The permeability of SPEEK decreases with the cross-linking degree and can be up to two orders below the permeability of a Nafion 117 reference membrane (1.4 10-6 cm 2 /min). The cation permeability of SA-PEEK attains values as low as 5.0 10-10 cm 2 /min, whereas amphoteric SAM-PEEK has a cation permeability of 7.0 10-10 cm 2 /min. A factor or merit is introduced, defined as the ratio of ion conductivity and ion permeability ; the highest value, corresponding to the best compromise of high ion conductivity and low permeability of electrochemically active ions, is found for highly cross-linked SPEEK, SA-PEEK and SAM-PEEK membranes. The influence of the polymer backbone (PEEK or PSU), the degree of cross-linking, determined by NMR spectroscopy, and the grafted ionic groups (sulfonic acid, sulfammonium, and quaternary ammonium) on the cation permeability is discussed.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 13, 2017 - 11:16:26 AM
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Philippe Knauth, Luca Pasquini, Maria Luisa Di Vona. Comparative study of the cation permeability of protonic, anionic and ampholytic membranes. Solid State Ionics, Elsevier, 2017, 300, pp.97 - 105. ⟨10.1016/j.ssi.2016.12.015⟩. ⟨hal-01465902⟩

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