Parc naturel

Abstract : The paper on "natural parks" traces the history of the establishment of delimited areas, protected from all exploitation and anthropogenic development. Different from the Mediterranean tradition of gardens, the Anglo-Saxon idea of "national parks” began to be applied in the Mediterranean region. The aims were to protect the "nature" and the landscapes, but also, to create spaces adapted to the development of new social uses of "nature": tourism and leisure. In addition, these creations were linked to patrimonial, identity or even national strategies. However, at the beginning of the 20th century, it was difficult to set up these protected zones in densely populated and exploited areas. Since the 1960s and 1970s, the creation of "natural parks" has also taken place from an ecological perspective. At present, the aims is to protect terrestrial and maritime ecosystems which are fragile and subject to strong anthropogenic pressures. Extremely diverse, based on different types of environments and ecosystems, actors and institutions, these "natural parks" are the object of attempts at coordination and networking. However, it is still difficult to reconcile economic development with the protection of nature and to put in place a coordinated protection of ecosystems on the Mediterranean areas.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 22, 2017 - 5:23:26 PM
Last modification on : Monday, January 29, 2018 - 5:22:02 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01474410, version 1

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Martine Chalvet. Parc naturel. Dionigi Albera, Maryline Crivello, Mohamed Tozy (Dir.), en collaboration avec Gisèle Seimandi. Dictionnaire de la Méditerranée, Actes Sud; MMSH, pp.1139-1149, 2016, 978-2-330-06466-2. ⟨http://www.actes-sud.fr/dictionnaire-de-la-mediterranee⟩. ⟨hal-01474410⟩

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