Les éditions de la Revista de Occidente et leurs avatars (1924-1944): le rôle des traductions dans le rayonnement culturel espagnol en Amérique Latine

Abstract : Revista de Occidente, a publishing house founded in 1924 by José Ortega y Gasset (1883-1955) one year after the homonymous review, was the philosopher’s one of the most outstanding cultural enterprises. It contributed to the development of the Hispanic sciences and letters and had a considerable influence in Latin America. More than 85 % of the catalog of this review were translated works, essentially from German : the paper enhances this choice of translation as revealing the off-centered position of Spanish culture within the international cultural exchanges. It analyses secondly the impact of these translations in Latin America (particularly in Argentina), illustrating how these translations contributed to the construction of the Latin American cultural identities, and led finally to a rejection of the dominant peninsular culture. The article finally considers the last editorial project authored by Ortega y Gasset after the Civil War, and the failure of this last embodiment of the Revista de Occidente : an example of the reversal of fortune of Spanish cultural hegemony in Latin America and of the major role of sociopolitical context as a conditioning factor of intellectual mediation activity.
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Contributor : Eve Fourmont Giustiniani <>
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Eve Fourmont Giustiniani. Les éditions de la Revista de Occidente et leurs avatars (1924-1944): le rôle des traductions dans le rayonnement culturel espagnol en Amérique Latine. Bulletin d'histoire contemporaine de l'Espagne, Presses universitaires de Provence, 2014, Transferts culturel: la traduction (XVIIIe-XXe siècles). ⟨hal-01475035⟩

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