El exilio de 1936 y la Tercera España. Ortega y Gasset y los "blancos" de parís, entre franquismo y liberalismo

Abstract : This article follows the steps of a group of refugees from the Spanish Civil War, the liberal intellectuals exiled in Paris in 1936: José Ortega y Gasset (1883-1955), Gregorio Marañón, Ramón Pérez de Ayla, Pio Baroja or Azorín. After reviewing the circumstances of their escape and installation in Paris, the article goes on to question their attitude of political silence and their apparent stance on the equidistance of the two sides in the confrontation, i.e. Republicans and Nationalists. Some members of this so-called “third Spain”, like Salvador de Madariaga and Alfredo Mendizábal, promoted attempts of mediation that Ortega did not support, as his correspondance with Lorenzo Luzuriaga confirms. The paper analyses the ideological justifications of these exiles, in order to understand how they combined their liberal convictions with their support de facto to the Francoist insurrection.
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Contributor : Eve Fourmont Giustiniani <>
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Eve Giustiniani. El exilio de 1936 y la Tercera España. Ortega y Gasset y los "blancos" de parís, entre franquismo y liberalismo. Circunstancia, Instituto Universitario Ortega y Gasset, 2009, ⟨http://www.ortegaygasset.edu/publicaciones/circunstancia/ano-vii---n--19---mayo-2009/articulos/el-exilio-de-1936-y-la-tercera-espana--ortega-y-gasset-y-los-blancos-de-paris--entre-franquismo-y-liberalismo#Resumen⟩. ⟨hal-01475092⟩

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