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A complete hydro‐climate model chain to investigate the in uence of sea surface temperature on recent hydroclimatic variability in subtropical South America (Laguna Mar Chiquita, Argentina)

Abstract : During the 1970s, Laguna Mar Chiquita (Argentina) experienced a dramatic hydroclimatic anom- aly, with a substantial rise in its level. Precipitations are the dominant driving factor in lake level uctuations. The present study investigates the potential role of remote forc- ing through global sea surface temperature (SST) elds in modulating recent hydroclimatic variability in Southeast- ern South America and especially over the Laguna Mar Chiquita region. Daily precipitation and temperature are extracted from a multi-member LMDz atmospheric gen- eral circulation model (AGCM) ensemble of simulations forced by HadISST1 observed time-varying global SST and sea-ice boundary conditions from 1950 to 2005. The various members of the ensemble are only different in their atmospheric initial conditions. Statistical downscaling (SD) is used to adjust precipitation and temperature from LMDz ensemble mean at the station scale over the basin. A coupled basin-lake hydrological model (cpHM) is then using the LMDz-downscaled (LMDz-SD) climate variables as input to simulate the lake behavior. The results indicate that the long-term lake level trend is fairly well depicted by the LMDz-SD-cpHM simulations. The 1970s level rise and high-level conditions are generally well captured in timing and in magnitude when SST-forced AGCM-SD variables are used to drive the cpHM. As the LMDz simulations are forced solely with the observed sea surface conditions, the global SST seems to have an in uence on the lake level variations of Laguna Mar Chiquita. As well, this study shows that the AGCM-SD-cpHM model chain is a useful approach for evaluating long-term lake level uctuations in response to the projected climate changes.
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Contributor : Christine Vallet-Coulomb <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 30, 2019 - 7:07:33 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 23, 2020 - 4:32:19 AM

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Magali Troin, Mathieu Vrac, Myriam Khodri, Caya Daniel, Christine Vallet-Coulomb, et al.. A complete hydro‐climate model chain to investigate the in uence of sea surface temperature on recent hydroclimatic variability in subtropical South America (Laguna Mar Chiquita, Argentina). Climate Dynamics, Springer Verlag, 2016, 46 (5), pp.1783-1798. ⟨10.1007/s00382-015-2676-0⟩. ⟨hal-01475454⟩

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