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Heavy metal accumulation by recombinant mammalian metallothionein within Escherichia coli protects against elevated metal exposure.

Abstract : Metallothioneins (MTs) are ubiquitous metal-binding, cysteine-rich, small proteins known to provide protection against toxic heavy metals such as cadmium. In an attempt to increase the ability of bacterial cells to accumulate heavy metals, sheep MTII was produced in fusion with the maltose binding protein (MBP) and localized to the cytoplasmic or periplasmic compartments of Escherichia coli. For all metals tested, higher levels of bioaccumulation were measured with strains over-expressing MBP-MT in comparison with control strains. A marked bioaccumulation of Cd, As, Hg and Zn was observed in the strain over-expressing MBP-MT in the cytoplasm, whereas Cu was accumulated to higher levels when MBP-MT was over-expressed in the periplasm. Metal export systems may also play a role in this bioaccumulation. To illustrate this, we over-expressed MBP-MT in the cytoplasm of two mutant strains of E. coli affected in metal export. The first, deficient in the transporter ZntA described to export numerous divalent metal ions, showed increasing quantities of Zn, Cd, Hg and Pb being bioaccumulated. The second, strain LF20012, deficient in As export, showed that As was bioaccumulated in the form of arsenite. Furthermore, high quantities of accumulated metals, chelated by MBP-MT in the cytoplasm, conferred greater metal resistance levels to the cells in the presence of added toxic metals, such as Cd or Hg, while other metals showed toxic effects when the export systems were deficient. The strain over-expressing MBP-MT in the cytoplasm, in combination, with disruption of metal export systems, could be used to develop strategies for bioremediation.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01561201
Contributor : Sandrine Sauge-Merle <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 12, 2017 - 2:54:04 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 13, 2019 - 4:36:05 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01561201, version 1
  • PUBMED : 22560974

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Sandrine Sauge-Merle, Catherine Lecomte-Pradines, Patrick Carrier, Stéphan Cuiné, Michael Dubow. Heavy metal accumulation by recombinant mammalian metallothionein within Escherichia coli protects against elevated metal exposure.. Chemosphere, Elsevier, 2012, 88 (8), pp.918-24. ⟨hal-01561201⟩

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