Quelle reconnaissance de l’habitat léger, mobile et éphémère ?

Abstract : Implanted in rural areas, lightweight housing and mobile housing, offer an alternative lifestyle to individual housing, and are sometimes an answer to the lack or inadequacy of social housing and emergency accommodation, in a context of heavy economic, social and ecological crises. At first, I shall briefly present a few recent associations, which promote and defend these new ways of living, through an emic definition of their status, and the words of their members. We shall see that through this type of housing, the actors’ global autonomy is increased, and participates widely in relocating multisecular activities in impoverished areas. In many respects, planning and constructions which are thus realized are the result of a vernacular knowledge, an architecture fit for “gatherers”, taking source in ancient techne which encourages the use of local materials, and re-entwines past and future. Secondly, we shall bring to light political and legal conflicts concerning the interpretation of the law with regard to light and mobile shelter, as well as the confusion, within the administrations, in the application of rules concerning town planning, nature protection, viability, health requirements, safety and law and order. Finally, we shall show that because of lack of precision or certain loop holes in the substantive law, judges refer either literally to the law or to its intention, and sometimes have to base their judgment on autonomous sources of law.
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Béatrice Mésini. Quelle reconnaissance de l’habitat léger, mobile et éphémère ?. Techniques et culture, Éditions de la Maison des sciences de l'homme 2011, Habiter le temporaire, pp.148 - 165. ⟨10.4000/tc.5742⟩. ⟨hal-01621324⟩

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