Hot spot of N 2 fixation in the western tropical South Pacific pleads for a spatial decoupling between N 2 fixation and denitrification

Abstract : Nitrogen (N) is the building block of life. Quantifying the sources and sinks of N to the ocean is essential for predicting its productivity and potential carbon sequestration. In his paper, Gruber (1) seeks for “elusive marine nitrogen fixation” following results from Knapp et al. (2), who measured unexpectedly low N input through N2 fixation in the eastern tropical South Pacific (ETSP), seriously bringing into question the proposed close spatial coupling between N input (through N2 fixation) and loss (through denitrification) (3). Here, we compile data from recently published and unpublished studies revealing a hot spot of N2 fixation in the western tropical South Pacific (WTSP) arguing for a spatial decoupling between N sources and sinks in the South Pacific.
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Sophie Bonnet, Mathieu Caffin, Hugo Berthelot, Thierry Moutin. Hot spot of N 2 fixation in the western tropical South Pacific pleads for a spatial decoupling between N 2 fixation and denitrification. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America , National Academy of Sciences, 2017, 114 (14), pp.E2800 - E2801. ⟨10.1073/pnas.1619514114⟩. ⟨hal-01621724⟩

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