G. Glusman, L. Rowen, I. Lee, C. Boysen, J. C. Roach et al., Comparative Genomics of the Human and Mouse T Cell Receptor Loci, Immunity, vol.15, issue.3, pp.337-349, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S1074-7613(01)00200-X

M. S. Krangel, M. T. Mcmurry, C. Hernandez-munain, X. P. Zhong, C. et al., Accessibility Control of T Cell Receptor Gene Rearrangement in Developing Thymocytes: The TCR ??/?? Locus, Immunologic Research, vol.22, issue.2-3, pp.127-135, 2000.
DOI : 10.1385/IR:22:2-3:127

A. Winoto and D. Baltimore, ???? lineage-specific expression of the ?? T cell receptor gene by nearby silencers, Cell, vol.59, issue.4, pp.649-655, 1989.
DOI : 10.1016/0092-8674(89)90010-X

P. Diaz, D. Cado, and A. Winoto, A locus control region in the T cell receptor ??/?? locus, Immunity, vol.1, issue.3, pp.207-217, 1994.
DOI : 10.1016/1074-7613(94)90099-X

B. D. Ortiz, D. Cado, and A. Winoto, A New Element within the T-Cell Receptor ?? Locus Required for Tissue-Specific Locus Control Region Activity, Molecular and Cellular Biology, vol.19, issue.3, pp.1901-1909, 1999.
DOI : 10.1128/MCB.19.3.1901

F. Grosveld, G. B. Van-assendelft, D. R. Greaves, and G. Kollias, Position-independent, high-level expression of the human ??-globin gene in transgenic mice, Cell, vol.51, issue.6, pp.975-985, 1987.
DOI : 10.1016/0092-8674(87)90584-8

S. H. Orkin, Globin gene regulation and switching: Circa 1990, Cell, vol.63, issue.4, pp.665-672, 1990.
DOI : 10.1016/0092-8674(90)90133-Y

G. Felsenfeld, Chromatin as an essential part of the transcriptional mechanim, Nature, vol.355, issue.6357, pp.219-224, 1992.
DOI : 10.1038/355219a0

N. A. Hong, D. Cado, J. Mitchell, B. D. Ortiz, S. N. Hsieh et al., A targeted mutation at the T-cell receptor alpha/delta locus impairs T-cell development and reveals the presence of the nearby antiapoptosis gene Dad1., Molecular and Cellular Biology, vol.17, issue.4, pp.2151-2157, 1997.
DOI : 10.1128/MCB.17.4.2151

S. Silberstein, P. G. Collins, D. J. Kelleher, and R. Gilmore, The essential OST2 gene encodes the 16-kD subunit of the yeast oligosaccharyltransferase, a highly conserved protein expressed in diverse eukaryotic organisms, The Journal of Cell Biology, vol.131, issue.2, pp.371-383, 1995.
DOI : 10.1083/jcb.131.2.371

T. Nakashima, T. Sekiguchi, A. Kuraoka, K. Fukushima, Y. Shibata et al., Molecular cloning of a human cDNA encoding a novel protein, DAD1, whose defect causes apoptotic cell death in hamster BHK21 cells., Molecular and Cellular Biology, vol.13, issue.10, pp.6367-6374, 1993.
DOI : 10.1128/MCB.13.10.6367

T. Makishima, T. Nakashima, K. Nagata-kuno, K. Fukushima, H. Iida et al., The highly conserved DAD1 protein involved in apoptosis is required for N-linked glycosylation, Genes to Cells, vol.2, issue.2, pp.129-141, 1997.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1365-2443.1997.1070303.x

A. C. Bell, A. G. West, and G. Felsenfeld, Insulators and Boundaries: Versatile Regulatory Elements in the Eukaryotic Genome, Science, vol.291, issue.5503, pp.447-450, 2001.
DOI : 10.1126/science.291.5503.447

T. I. Gerasimova, C. , and V. G. , Chromatin Insulators and Boundaries: Effects on Transcription and Nuclear Organization, Annual Review of Genetics, vol.35, issue.1, pp.193-208, 2001.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.genet.35.102401.090349

A. G. West, M. Gaszner, and G. Felsenfeld, Insulators: many functions, many mechanisms, Genes & Development, vol.16, issue.3, pp.271-288, 2002.
DOI : 10.1101/gad.954702

URL : http://genesdev.cshlp.org/content/16/3/271.full.pdf

J. H. Chung, M. Whiteley, and G. Felsenfeld, A 5??? element of the chicken ??-globin domain serves as an insulator in human erythroid cells and protects against position effect in Drosophila, Cell, vol.74, issue.3, pp.505-514, 1993.
DOI : 10.1016/0092-8674(93)80052-G

C. C. Robinett, A. O-'connor, and M. Dunaway, The repeat organizer, a specialized insulator element within the intergenic spacer of the Xenopus rRNA genes., Molecular and Cellular Biology, vol.17, issue.5, pp.2866-2875, 1997.
DOI : 10.1128/MCB.17.5.2866

A. C. Bell, A. G. West, and G. Felsenfeld, The Protein CTCF Is Required for the Enhancer Blocking Activity of Vertebrate Insulators, Cell, vol.98, issue.3, pp.387-396, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0092-8674(00)81967-4

A. C. Bell and G. Felsenfeld, Methylation of a CTCF-dependent boundary controls imprinted expression of the Igf2 gene, Nature, vol.99, issue.6785, pp.482-485, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0092-8674(00)81546-9

A. T. Hark, C. J. Schoenherr, D. J. Katz, R. S. Ingram, J. M. Levorse et al., CTCF mediates methylation-sensitive enhancer-blocking activity at the H19/Igf2 locus, Nature, vol.20, issue.6785, pp.486-489, 2000.
DOI : 10.1093/nar/20.14.3555

W. Chao, K. D. Huynh, R. J. Spencer, L. S. Davidow, L. et al., CTCF, a Candidate Trans-Acting Factor for X-Inactivation Choice, Science, vol.295, issue.5553, pp.345-347, 2002.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1065982

R. Ohlsson, R. Renkawitz, and V. Lobanenkov, CTCF is a uniquely versatile transcription regulator linked to epigenetics and disease, Trends in Genetics, vol.17, issue.9, pp.520-527, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0168-9525(01)02366-6

T. M. Yusufzai and A. P. Wolffe, Functional consequences of Rett syndrome mutations on human MeCP2, Nucleic Acids Research, vol.28, issue.21, pp.4172-4179, 2000.
DOI : 10.1093/nar/28.21.4172

V. Orlando and R. Paro, Mapping polycomb-repressed domains in the bithorax complex using in vivo formaldehyde cross-linked chromatin, Cell, vol.75, issue.6, pp.1187-1198, 1993.
DOI : 10.1016/0092-8674(93)90328-N

F. Magdinier and A. P. Wolffe, Selective association of the methyl-CpG binding protein MBD2 with the silent p14/p16 locus in human neoplasia, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.14, issue.11, pp.4990-4995, 2001.
DOI : 10.1096/fj.14.11.1585

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01663920

M. D. Litt, M. Simpson, M. Gaszner, C. D. Allis, and G. Felsenfeld, Correlation Between Histone Lysine Methylation and Developmental Changes at the Chicken beta -Globin Locus, Science, vol.293, issue.5539, pp.2453-2455, 2001.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1064413

V. J. Mutskov, C. M. Farrell, P. A. Wade, A. P. Wolffe, and G. Felsenfeld, The barrier function of an insulator couples high histone acetylation levels with specific protection of promoter DNA from methylation, Genes & Development, vol.16, issue.12, pp.1540-1554, 2002.
DOI : 10.1101/gad.988502

J. H. Chung, A. C. Bell, and G. Felsenfeld, Characterization of the chicken ??-globin insulator, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.90, issue.13, pp.575-580, 1997.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.90.13.6355

J. Mirkovitch, M. E. Mirault, and U. K. Laemmli, Organization of the higher-order chromatin loop: specific DNA attachment sites on nuclear scaffold, Cell, vol.39, issue.1, pp.223-232, 1984.
DOI : 10.1016/0092-8674(84)90208-3

M. Burcin, R. Arnold, M. Lutz, B. Kaiser, D. Runge et al., Negative protein 1, which is required for function of the chicken lysozyme gene silencer in conjunction with hormone receptors, is identical to the multivalent zinc finger repressor CTCF., Molecular and Cellular Biology, vol.17, issue.3, pp.1281-1288, 1997.
DOI : 10.1128/MCB.17.3.1281

G. N. Filippova, S. Fagerlie, E. M. Klenova, C. Myers, Y. Dehner et al., An exceptionally conserved transcriptional repressor, CTCF, employs different combinations of zinc fingers to bind diverged promoter sequences of avian and mammalian c-myc oncogenes., Molecular and Cellular Biology, vol.16, issue.6, pp.2802-2813, 1996.
DOI : 10.1128/MCB.16.6.2802

A. A. Vostrov and W. W. Quitschke, The Zinc Finger Protein CTCF Binds to the APB?? Domain of the Amyloid ??-Protein Precursor Promoter, Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.1242, issue.52, pp.33353-33359, 1997.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02815217

N. Saitoh, A. C. Bell, F. Recillas-targa, A. G. West, M. Simpson et al., Structural and functional conservation at the boundaries of the chicken ??-globin domain, The EMBO Journal, vol.16, issue.10, pp.2315-2322, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/0092-8674(95)90008-X

B. Santoso, B. D. Ortiz, and A. Winoto, Control of Organ-specific Demethylation by an Element of the T-cell Receptor-?? Locus Control Region, Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.15, issue.3, pp.1952-1958, 2000.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.95.16.9430

A. Stief, D. M. Winter, W. H. Stratling, and A. E. Sippel, A nuclear DNA attachment element mediates elevated and position-independent gene activity, Nature, vol.341, issue.6240, pp.343-345, 1989.
DOI : 10.1038/341343a0

J. F. Villemure, N. Savard, and A. Belmaaza, Promoter suppression in cultured mammalian cells can be blocked by the chicken ??-globin chromatin insulator 5???HS4 and matrix/scaffold attachment regions11Edited by M. Yaniv, Journal of Molecular Biology, vol.312, issue.5, pp.963-974, 2001.
DOI : 10.1006/jmbi.2001.5015

R. A. Mcknight, A. Shamay, L. Sankaran, R. J. Wall, and L. Hennighausen, Matrix-attachment regions can impart position-independent regulation of a tissue-specific gene in transgenic mice., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.89, issue.15, pp.6943-6947, 1992.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.89.15.6943

W. C. Forrester, L. A. Fernandez, and R. Grosschedl, Nuclear matrix attachment regions antagonize methylation-dependent repression of long-range enhancer-promoter interactions, Genes & Development, vol.13, issue.22, pp.3003-3014, 1999.
DOI : 10.1101/gad.13.22.3003

T. M. Yusufzai, H. Tagami, Y. Nakatani, and G. Felsenfeld, CTCF Tethers an Insulator to Subnuclear Sites, Suggesting Shared Insulator Mechanisms across Species, Molecular Cell, vol.13, issue.2, pp.291-298, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/S1097-2765(04)00029-2

URL : https://doi.org/10.1016/s1097-2765(04)00029-2

K. L. Dunn, H. Zhao, D. , and J. R. , The insulator binding protein CTCF associates with the nuclear matrix, Experimental Cell Research, vol.288, issue.1, pp.218-223, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0014-4827(03)00185-X

B. D. Ortiz, F. Harrow, D. Cado, B. Santoso, and A. Winoto, Function and Factor Interactions of a Locus Control Region Element in the Mouse T Cell Receptor-??/Dad1 Gene Locus, The Journal of Immunology, vol.167, issue.7, pp.3836-3845, 2001.
DOI : 10.4049/jimmunol.167.7.3836

M. Kalos and R. E. Fournier, Position-independent transgene expression mediated by boundary elements from the apolipoprotein B chromatin domain., Molecular and Cellular Biology, vol.15, issue.1, pp.198-207, 1995.
DOI : 10.1128/MCB.15.1.198

URL : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC231934/pdf