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A neural network model for the intersensory coordination involved in goal-directed movements

Abstract : A neural network model for a sensorimotor system, which was developed to simulate oriented movements in man, is presented. It is composed of a formal neural network comprising two layers: a sensory layer receiving and processing sensory inputs, and a motor layer driving a simulated arm. The sensory layer is an extension of the topological network previously proposed by Kohonen (1984). Two kinds of sensory modality, proprioceptive and exteroceptive, are used to define the arm position. Each sensory cell receives proprioceptive inputs provided by each arm-joint together with the exteroceptive inputs. This sensory layer is therefore a kind of associative layer which integrates two separate sensory signals relating to movement coding. It is connected to the motor layer by means of adaptive synapses which provide a physical link between a motor activity and its sensory consequences. After a learning period, the spatial map which emerges in the sensory layer clearly depends on the sensory inputs and an associative map of both the arm and the extra-personal space is built up if proprioceptive and exteroceptive signals are processed together. The senso-rimotor transformations occuring in the junctions linking the sensory and motor layers are organized in such a manner that the simulated arm becomes able to reach towards and track a target in extra-personal space. Proprioception serves to determine the final arm posture adopted and to correct the ongoing movement in cases where changes in the target location occur. With a view to developing a sensorimotor control system with more realistic salient features, a robotic model was coupled with the formal neural network. This robotic implementation of our model shows the capacity of formal neural networks to control the displacement of mechanical devices.
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Y. Coiton, J. Gilhodes, Jean-Luc Velay, J. Roll. A neural network model for the intersensory coordination involved in goal-directed movements. Biological Cybernetics (Modeling), Springer Verlag, 1991, 66 (2), pp.167 - 176. ⟨10.1007/BF00243292⟩. ⟨hal-01706488⟩

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