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Les mutations du paysage agraire sur le littoral sableux de la petite Camargue aux XIX e et XX e siècles

Abstract : An ancient offshore bar of the Rhone Delta between Aigues-Mortes on the west and the Little Rhone on the east bears the traces of several successive adjustments since the end of the nineteenth century. The initial agricultural conquest of the area came during the phylloxera crisis in the Bas-Languedoc when large vineyards were established in the sandy soil to protect the vines against the ravages of the insect. Essentially one big property, the chateau and hamlet of Montcalm (Vauvert) was controlled by the Noilly-Prat family from Marseille. A century later at the height of the grape overproduction crisis, regional and national wine trading houses vertically and horizontally integrated the vineyards. At the same time, tourist development on the neighboring coast (Grande-Motte, Port-Camargue) pushed land use in vines toward the interior part of the bar where properties took advantage of an appellation to produce " sand wines " and also sought to benefit from the new tourism based on the terroir idea.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 8, 2018 - 2:46:02 PM
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Roland Courtot. Les mutations du paysage agraire sur le littoral sableux de la petite Camargue aux XIX e et XX e siècles. Rives Méditerranéennes, 2011, 38, pp.73-85. ⟨hal-01726647⟩



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