Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Commis et fonctionnaires, entre service du public et droits de l’individu, de 1792 à l’an IV

Abstract : The French Revolution has swept away venal offices and the Ancien Regime system of cooptation: it has defined civil employment as every citizen’s right and duty. This article aims at delineating how evolved the relations of civil servants (elected) and office clerks (appointed) with the State, and the representations they had of themselves as servants of this State, between 1792 and Year IV. The sources are letters of office applicants and letters of acceptation or refusal of political positions. If the themes of disinterestedness and civic commitment prevail in Clerks and civil servants’ discourses in Year II, a more individualist ideology appears, that legitimizes personal claims to time for one’s family and wealth. State is no more an abstract figure of universality, but a fatherly and charitable body.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01727888
Contributor : Delphine Cavallo <>
Submitted on : Friday, March 9, 2018 - 4:14:18 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 21, 2019 - 1:30:02 PM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-01727888, version 1

Citation

Déborah Cohen. Commis et fonctionnaires, entre service du public et droits de l’individu, de 1792 à l’an IV. Annales historiques de la Révolution française, Armand Colin, 2017, pp.101-117. ⟨hal-01727888⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

91