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L'enfant abandonné et sa famille d'origine : quel lien après la séparation ? Le cas des Basses-Alpes durant la IIIe République

Abstract : In the Basses-Alpes, a rural département in south-east France (now Alpes-de-Haute-Provence), 805 children were taken into care between 1874 and 1923, and placed with foster families, under the supervision of the administration in the shape of the departmental inspector. This did not mean that ties with the biological family were entirely broken. Under the Third Republic, parents could ask for news of their child and even take the child back under certain conditions required by the administration. However, the Assistance publique strictly supervised any contact between these parents and children so as to discourage abandonment by clearly breaking the family tie. Perhaps for that reason, few unmarried mothers corresponded with the authorities, or they waited until their child came of age to do so. For all the rigour and severity displayed by the institution, which theoretically required the foster family’s identity to be kept secret or prohibited any direct correspondence, some families managed to evade the regulations, sometimes with the benevolent complicity of the officials supposed to enforce them.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01727894
Contributor : Delphine Cavallo <>
Submitted on : Friday, March 9, 2018 - 4:14:33 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 3, 2018 - 9:58:27 AM

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Isabelle Grenut. L'enfant abandonné et sa famille d'origine : quel lien après la séparation ? Le cas des Basses-Alpes durant la IIIe République. Revue d'histoire de l'enfance irrégulière, 2017, Abandon d'enfants et parents abandonneurs, XIXe-XXIe siècles, pp.67-85. ⟨10.4000/rhei.4031⟩. ⟨hal-01727894⟩

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