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Potential allelopathic effect of Pinus halepensis in the secondary succession: an experimental approach

Abstract : Recent economic and social changes in north Mediterranean regions have led to an important rural depopulation. Consequently, meadows developed on abandoned agricultural lands (characterized by high species richness) undergo reforestation. These former fields are mainly colonized by Pinus halepensis Miller, which is known to syn-thetize a wide range of secondary metabolites, among these, some could influence plant succession through allelopathy. The allelopathic potential of P. halepensis, was tested against two target species (Lactuca sativa L. and Linum strictum L.) with aqueous extracts obtained from different organs (root and needle) taking into account the individual age (±10, ±30 and >60 years old). Root and needle extracts affected differently germination and growth of the two target species, the responses varying with concentration of extracts, age and organs tested. The strongest inhibitory effect was observed on the germination and growth of L. strictum, exposed to needle extracts of young P. halepen-sis (±10 years old), and root extracts of older P. halepensis (>30 years old). These extracts contained several phenolic acids (e.g. 4-hydroxybenzoic acid and p-coumaric acid), which are known as allelochemicals and their concentrations vary with age and organ tested. Hence, P. halepensis could influence secondary succession through the release of potential allelochemicals in the environment by leaf leachates or root exudates.
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Catherine Fernandez, Benjamin Lelong, Bruno Vila, Jean-Philippe Mevy, Christine Robles, et al.. Potential allelopathic effect of Pinus halepensis in the secondary succession: an experimental approach. Chemoecology, Springer Verlag, 2006, 16 (2), pp.97 - 105. ⟨10.1007/s00049-006-0334-z⟩. ⟨hal-01764231⟩

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