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Constraining the mass of the planet(s) sculpting a disk cavity The intriguing case of 2MASS J16042165-2130284

Abstract : Context. The large cavities observed in the dust and gas distributions of transition disks may be explained by planet-disk interactions. At similar to 145 pc, 2MASS J16042165-2130284 (J1604) is a 5-12 Myr old transitional disk with different gap sizes in the mm-and mu m-sized dust distributions (outer edges at similar to 79 and at similar to 63 au, respectively). Its (CO)-C-12 emission shows a similar to 30 au cavity. This radial structure suggests that giant planets are sculpting this disk. Aims. We aim to constrain the masses and locations of plausible giant planets around J1604. Methods. We observed J1604 with the Spectro-Polarimetric High-contrast Exoplanet REsearch (SPHERE) at the Very Large Telescope (VLT), in IRDIFS_EXT, pupil-stabilized mode, obtaining YJH-band images with the integral field spectrograph (IFS) and K1K2-band images with the Infra-Red Dual-beam Imager and Spectrograph (IRDIS). The dataset was processed exploiting the angular differential imaging (ADI) technique with high-contrast algorithms. Results. Our observations reach a contrast of Delta K; Delta YH similar to 12 mag from 0''.15 to 0''. 80 (similar to 22 to 115 au), but no planet candidate is detected. The disk is directly imaged in scattered light at all bands from Y to K, and it shows a red color. This indicates that the dust particles in the disk surface are mainly greater than or similar to 0 .3 mu m-sized grains. We confirm the sharp dip/decrement in scattered light in agreement with polarized light observations. Comparing our images with a radiative transfer model we argue that the southern side of the disk is most likely the nearest. Conclusions. This work represents the deepest search yet for companions around J1604. We reach a mass sensitivity of & 2-3 MJup from similar to 22 to similar to 115 au according to a hot start scenario. We propose that a brown dwarf orbiting inside of similar to 15 au and additional Jovian planets at larger radii could account for the observed properties of J1604 while explaining our lack of detection.
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Contributor : Carine Dou Goarin <>
Submitted on : Thursday, April 12, 2018 - 3:38:32 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:19:31 AM

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H. Canovas, A. Hardy, A. Zurlo, Z. Wahhaj, M. R. Schreiber, et al.. Constraining the mass of the planet(s) sculpting a disk cavity The intriguing case of 2MASS J16042165-2130284. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2017, 598, ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/201629145⟩. ⟨hal-01765087⟩



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