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Long-Term Recovery After Endothelial Colony-Forming Cells or Human Umbilical Cord Blood Cells Administration in a Rat Model of Neonatal Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy

Abstract : Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (NHIE) is a dramatic perinatal complication, associated with poor neurological prognosis despite neuroprotection by therapeutic hypothermia, in the absence of an available curative therapy. We evaluated and compared ready-to-use human umbilical cord blood cells (HUCBC) and bankable but allogeneic endothelial progenitors (ECFC) as cell therapy candidate for NHIE. We compared benefits of HUCBC and ECFC transplantation 48 hours after injury in male rat NHIE model, based on the Rice-Vannucci approach. Based on behavioral tests, immune-histological assessment and metabolic imaging of brain perfusion using single pho-ton emission computed tomography (SPECT), HUCBC, or ECFC administration provided equally early and sustained functional benefits, up to 8 weeks after injury. These results were associated with total normalization of injured hemisphere cerebral blood flow assessed by SPECT/CT imaging. In conclusion, even if ECFC represent an efficient candidate, HUCBC autologous criteria and easier availability make them the ideal candidate for hypoxic-ischemic cell therapy. STEM CELLS TRANSLATIONAL Neonatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy is a dramatic perinatal complication. Neurological and neurosensory sequelae are frequent in survivors, including motor or learning disabilities, cerebral palsy, or epilepsy. Facing the absence of effective curative therapy, many hopes have been credited in cell therapy strategies. Based on behavioral tests, immune-histological assessment and metabolic imaging of brain perfusion using single photon emission computed tomog-raphy, we report in this work that cell transplantation of both human umbilical cord blood cells and endothelial progenitors provided equally early and sustained functional benefits, up to adulthood.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 18, 2018 - 3:50:03 PM
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Isabelle Grandvuillemin, Philippe Garrigue, Alaa Ramdani, Farid Boubred, Umberto Simeoni, et al.. Long-Term Recovery After Endothelial Colony-Forming Cells or Human Umbilical Cord Blood Cells Administration in a Rat Model of Neonatal Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy. Stem Cells Translational Medicine, Wiley, 2017, 6 (11), pp.1987 - 1996. ⟨10.1002/sctm.17-0074⟩. ⟨hal-01770089⟩

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