D. Raoult, T. Marrie, and J. Mege, Natural history and pathophysiology of Q fever, The Lancet Infectious Diseases, vol.5, issue.4, pp.219-226, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/S1473-3099(05)70052-9

F. Fenollar, H. Lepidi, and D. Raoult, Infection, and Blood Culture???Positive Endocarditis, Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol.88, issue.8, pp.1309-1316, 2001.
DOI : 10.2165/00003495-199855050-00007

P. Houpikian and D. Raoult, Blood Culture-Negative Endocarditis in a Reference Center, Medicine, vol.84, issue.3, pp.162-173, 2005.
DOI : 10.1097/01.md.0000165658.82869.17

URL : http://pdfs.journals.lww.com/md-journal/2005/05000/Blood_Culture_Negative_Endocarditis_in_a_Reference.3.pdf?token=method|ExpireAbsolute;source|Journals;ttl|1503288442516;payload|mY8D3u1TCCsNvP5E421JYK6N6XICDamxByyYpaNzk7FKjTaa1Yz22MivkHZqjGP4kdS2v0J76WGAnHACH69s21Csk0OpQi3YbjEMdSoz2UhVybFqQxA7lKwSUlA502zQZr96TQRwhVlocEp/sJ586aVbcBFlltKNKo+tbuMfL73hiPqJliudqs17cHeLcLbV/CqjlP3IO0jGHlHQtJWcICDdAyGJMnpi6RlbEJaRheGeh5z5uvqz3FLHgPKVXJzddFRrD2hcIwdDP9eSnSkfsy7WsaLtrTKE5u97xWdQq1A=;hash|nHTLwM/uB+kIrlamzDQgzQ==

M. Million, G. Walter, F. Thuny, G. Habib, and D. Raoult, Evolution From Acute Q Fever to Endocarditis Is Associated With Underlying Valvulopathy and Age and Can Be Prevented by Prolonged Antibiotic Treatment, Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol.177, issue.5, pp.836-844, 2013.
DOI : 10.7205/MILMED-D-12-00059

URL : https://academic.oup.com/cid/article-pdf/57/6/836/17853374/cit419.pdf

C. Capo and J. Mege, Role of Innate and Adaptive Immunity in the Control of Q Fever, Adv Exp Med Biol, vol.984, pp.273-286, 2012.
DOI : 10.1007/978-94-007-4315-1_14

B. Amara, A. Bechah, Y. Mege, and J. , Immune Response and Coxiella burnetii Invasion, Adv Exp Med Biol, vol.984, pp.287-298, 2012.
DOI : 10.1007/978-94-007-4315-1_15

E. Ghigo, C. Capo, C. Tung, D. Raoult, and J. Gorvel, Coxiella burnetii Survival in THP-1 Monocytes Involves the Impairment of Phagosome Maturation: IFN-?? Mediates its Restoration and Bacterial Killing, The Journal of Immunology, vol.169, issue.8, pp.4488-4495, 2002.
DOI : 10.4049/jimmunol.169.8.4488

M. Benoit, B. Desnues, and J. Mege, Macrophage Polarization in Bacterial Infections, The Journal of Immunology, vol.181, issue.6, pp.3733-3739, 2008.
DOI : 10.4049/jimmunol.181.6.3733

URL : http://www.jimmunol.org/content/jimmunol/181/6/3733.full.pdf

L. Sawyer, D. Fishbein, and J. Mcdade, Q Fever: Current Concepts, Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol.9, issue.5, pp.935-946, 1987.
DOI : 10.1093/clinids/9.5.935

A. Honstettre, G. Imbert, E. Ghigo, F. Gouriet, and C. Capo, Dysregulation of Cytokines in Acute Q Fever: Role of Interleukin???10 and Tumor Necrosis Factor in Chronic Evolution of Q Fever, The Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol.187, issue.6, pp.956-962, 2003.
DOI : 10.1086/368129

C. Capo, N. Amirayan, E. Ghigo, D. Raoult, and J. Mege, Circulating cytokine balance and activation markers of leucocytes in Q fever, Clinical and Experimental Immunology, vol.64, issue.1, pp.120-123, 1999.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1365-2249.1997.4921389.x

C. Layez, C. Brunet, C. Lepolard, E. Ghigo, and C. Capo, endocarditis: Figure 1, FEMS Immunology & Medical Microbiology, vol.64, issue.1, pp.137-139, 2012.
DOI : 10.4049/jimmunol.177.1.739

L. Chen, Co-inhibitory molecules of the B7???CD28 family in the control of T-cell immunity, Nature Reviews Immunology, vol.3, issue.Suppl A, pp.336-347, 2004.
DOI : 10.1038/nri1131

R. Greenwald, G. Freeman, and A. Sharpe, THE B7 FAMILY REVISITED, Annual Review of Immunology, vol.23, issue.1, pp.515-548, 2005.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.immunol.23.021704.115611

R. Parry, J. Chemnitz, K. Frauwirth, A. Lanfranco, and I. Braunstein, CTLA-4 and PD-1 Receptors Inhibit T-Cell Activation by Distinct Mechanisms, Molecular and Cellular Biology, vol.25, issue.21, pp.9543-9553, 2005.
DOI : 10.1128/MCB.25.21.9543-9553.2005

URL : http://mcb.asm.org/content/25/21/9543.full.pdf

G. Freeman, E. Wherry, R. Ahmed, and A. Sharpe, Reinvigorating exhausted HIV-specific T cells via PD-1???PD-1 ligand blockade, The Journal of Experimental Medicine, vol.203, issue.10, pp.2223-2227, 2006.
DOI : 10.4049/jimmunol.175.3.1586

URL : http://jem.rupress.org/content/jem/203/10/2223.full.pdf

C. Day, D. Kaufmann, P. Kiepiela, J. Brown, and E. Moodley, PD-1 expression on HIV-specific T cells is associated with T-cell exhaustion and disease progression, Nature, vol.170, issue.7109, pp.350-354, 2006.
DOI : 10.4049/jimmunol.170.3.1257

E. Said, F. Dupuy, L. Trautmann, Y. Zhang, and Y. Shi, Programmed death-1???induced interleukin-10 production by monocytes impairs CD4+ T cell activation during HIV infection, Nature Medicine, vol.372, issue.10, pp.452-459, 2010.
DOI : 10.1053/jhep.2003.50427

URL : http://europepmc.org/articles/pmc4229134?pdf=render

H. Maecker, J. Mccoy, and R. Nussenblatt, Standardizing immunophenotyping for the Human Immunology Project, Nature Reviews Immunology, vol.332, issue.3, pp.191-200, 2012.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1198704

D. Raoult, Chronic Q fever: Expert opinion versus literature analysis and consensus, Journal of Infection, vol.65, issue.2, pp.102-108, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jinf.2012.04.006

F. Gondois-rey, S. Granjeaud, K. Sle, T. Herrera, D. Hirsch et al., Multiparametric cytometry for exploration of complex cellular dynamics, Cytometry Part A, vol.27, issue.4, pp.332-342, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.immuni.2007.07.013

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00666734

C. Capo, F. Lindberg, S. Meconi, Y. Zaffran, and G. Tardei, Subversion of monocyte functions by Coxiella burnetii: impairment of the cross-talk between avb3 integrin and CR3, J Immunol, vol.163, pp.6078-6085, 1999.

B. Passlick, D. Flieger, and H. Ziegler-heitbrock, Identification and characterization of a novel monocyte subpopulation in human peripheral blood, Blood, vol.74, pp.2527-2534, 1989.

C. Narasaki and R. Toman, Lipopolysaccharide of Coxiella burnetii, Adv Exp Med Biol, vol.984, pp.65-90, 2012.
DOI : 10.1007/978-94-007-4315-1_4

M. Benoit, F. Thuny, L. Priol, Y. Lepidi, H. Bastonero et al., The Transcriptional Programme of Human Heart Valves Reveals the Natural History of Infective Endocarditis, PLoS ONE, vol.5, issue.1, p.8939, 2010.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0008939.s007

F. Thuny, J. Textoris, B. Amara, A. Filali, A. Capo et al., The Gene Expression Analysis of Blood Reveals S100A11 and AQP9 as Potential Biomarkers of Infective Endocarditis, PLoS ONE, vol.168, issue.2, p.31490, 2012.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0031490.s001

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01772605

H. Lepidi, P. Houpikian, Z. Liang, and D. Raoult, Cardiac Valves in Patients with Q Fever Endocarditis: Microbiological, Molecular, and Histologic Studies, The Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol.187, issue.7, pp.1097-1106, 2003.
DOI : 10.1086/368219

URL : https://academic.oup.com/jid/article-pdf/187/7/1097/2396932/187-7-1097.pdf

L. Ziegler-heitbrock, P. Ancuta, S. Crowe, M. Dalod, and V. Grau, Nomenclature of monocytes and dendritic cells in blood, Blood, vol.116, issue.16, pp.74-80, 2010.
DOI : 10.1182/blood-2010-02-258558

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00611173

N. Thieblemont, L. Weiss, H. Sadeghi, C. Estcourt, and N. Haeffner-cavaillon, CD14lowCD16high: A cytokine-producing monocyte subset which expands during human immunodeficiency virus infection, European Journal of Immunology, vol.93, issue.12, pp.3418-3424, 1995.
DOI : 10.1093/infdis/169.2.420

E. Azeredo, P. Neves-souza, A. Alvarenga, S. Reis, and A. Torrentes-carvalho, Differential regulation of toll-like receptor-2, toll-like receptor-4, CD16 and human leucocyte antigen-DR on peripheral blood monocytes during mild and severe dengue fever, Immunology, vol.220, issue.2, pp.202-216, 2010.
DOI : 10.4049/jimmunol.164.11.5998

C. Poitou, E. Dalmas, M. Renovato, V. Benhamo, and F. Hajduch, CD14dimCD16+ and CD14+CD16+ Monocytes in Obesity and During Weight Loss: Relationships With Fat Mass and Subclinical Atherosclerosis, Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, vol.31, issue.10, pp.2322-2330, 2011.
DOI : 10.1161/ATVBAHA.111.230979

URL : http://atvb.ahajournals.org/content/atvbaha/31/10/2322.full.pdf

S. Meghari, B. Desnues, C. Capo, G. Grau, and D. Raoult, Coxiella burnetii stimulates production of RANTES and MCP-1 by mononuclear cells: modulation by adhesion to endothelial cells and its implication in Q fever, Eur Cytokine Netw, vol.17, pp.253-259, 2006.

S. Meghari, C. Capo, D. Raoult, and J. Mege, Deficient Transendothelial Migration of Leukocytes in Q Fever: The Role Played by Interleukin???10, The Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol.194, issue.3, pp.365-369, 2006.
DOI : 10.1086/505227

A. Barry, N. Boucherit, G. Mottola, P. Vadovic, and V. Trouplin, Impaired Stimulation of p38??-MAPK/Vps41-HOPS by LPS from Pathogenic Coxiella burnetii Prevents Trafficking to Microbicidal Phagolysosomes, Cell Host & Microbe, vol.12, issue.6, pp.751-763, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.chom.2012.10.015

E. Van-schaik, C. Chen, K. Mertens, M. Weber, and J. Samuel, Molecular pathogenesis of the obligate intracellular bacterium Coxiella burnetii, Nature Reviews Microbiology, vol.2, issue.8, pp.561-573, 2013.
DOI : 10.3389/fmicb.2011.00097

X. Huang, F. Venet, Y. Wang, A. Lepape, and Z. Yuan, PD-1 expression by macrophages plays a pathologic role in altering microbial clearance and the innate inflammatory response to sepsis, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.373, issue.12, pp.6303-6308, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/S0076-6879(03)73001-8

D. Brooks, M. Trifilo, K. Edelmann, L. Teyton, and D. Mcgavern, Interleukin-10 determines viral clearance or persistence in vivo, Nature Medicine, vol.5, issue.11, pp.1301-1309, 2006.
DOI : 10.1038/ni1136

URL : http://europepmc.org/articles/pmc2535582?pdf=render

M. Clerici, T. Wynn, J. Berzofsky, S. Blatt, and C. Hendrix, Role of interleukin-10 in T helper cell dysfunction in asymptomatic individuals infected with the human immunodeficiency virus., Journal of Clinical Investigation, vol.93, issue.2, pp.768-775, 1994.
DOI : 10.1172/JCI117031

E. Rigopoulou, W. Abbott, P. Haigh, and N. Naoumov, Blocking of interleukin-10 receptor???a novel approach to stimulate T-helper cell type 1 responses to hepatitis C virus, Clinical Immunology, vol.117, issue.1, pp.57-64, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.clim.2005.06.003