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Recent developments in detection of superoxide radical anion and hydrogen peroxide: Opportunities, challenges, and implications in redox signaling

Abstract : In this review, some of the recent developments in probes and assay techniques specific for superoxide (O-2(center dot-)) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) are discussed. Over the last decade, significant progress has been made in O-2(center dot-) and H2O2 detection due to syntheses of new redox probes, better understanding of their chemistry, and development of specific and sensitive assays. For superoxide detection, hydroethidine (HE) is the most suitable probe, as the product, 2-hydroxyethidium, is specific for O-2(center dot-). In addition, HE derived dimeric products are specific for one-electron oxidants. As red-fluorescent ethidium is always formed from HE intracellularly, chromatographic techniques are required for detecting 2-hydroxyethidium. HE analogs, Mito-SOX and hydropropidine, exhibit the same reaction chemistry with O-2(center dot-) and one-electron oxidants. Thus, mitochondrial superoxide can be unequivocally detected using HPLC-based methods and not by fluorescence microscopy. Aromatic boronate-based probes react quantitatively with H2O2, forming a phenolic product. However, peroxynitrite and hypochlorite react more rapidly with boronates, forming the same product. Using ROS-specific probes and HPLC assays, it is possible to screen chemical libraries to discover specific inhibitors of NADPH oxidases. We hope that rigorous detection of O-2(center dot-) and H2O2 in different cellular compartments will improve our understanding of their role in redox signaling. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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Submitted on : Monday, April 23, 2018 - 2:41:36 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 1:30:52 AM

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Balaraman Kalyanaraman, Micael Hardy, Radoslaw Podsiadly, Gang Cheng, Jacek Zielonka. Recent developments in detection of superoxide radical anion and hydrogen peroxide: Opportunities, challenges, and implications in redox signaling. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Elsevier, 2017, 617, pp.38--47. ⟨10.1016/j.abb.2016.08.021⟩. ⟨hal-01774182⟩

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