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Gram-scale purification of aconitine and identification of lappaconitine in Aconitum karacolicum

Abstract : Aconitum karacolicum from northern Kyrgyzstan (Alatau area) contains about 0.8-1% aconitine as well as other aconite derivatives that have already been identified. In this paper, we compare several methods for the further purification of an Aconitum karacolicum extract initially containing 80% of aconitine. Reverse-phase flash chromatography, reverse-phase semi-preparative HPLC, centrifugal partition chromatography (CPC) and re crystallization techniques were evaluated regarding first their efficiency to get the highest purity of aconitine (over 96%) and secondly their applicability in a semi-industrial scale purification process (in our case, 150 g of plant extract). Even if the CPC technique shows the highest purification yield (63%), the recrystallization remains the method of choice to purify a large amount of aconitine as i) it can be easily carried out in safe conditions; ii) an aprotic solvent is used, avoiding aconitine degradation. Moreover, this study led us to the identification of lappaconitine in Aconitwn karacolicum, a well-known alkaloid never found in this Aconttum species.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01774251
Contributor : Marlene Delhaye <>
Submitted on : Monday, April 23, 2018 - 3:01:00 PM
Last modification on : Friday, June 26, 2020 - 2:00:05 PM

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M. Tarbe, H. Pomyers, L. Mugnier, Denis Bertin, T. Ibragimov, et al.. Gram-scale purification of aconitine and identification of lappaconitine in Aconitum karacolicum. Fitoterapia, Elsevier, 2017, 120, pp.85--92. ⟨10.1016/j.fitote.2017.05.008⟩. ⟨hal-01774251⟩

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