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Expression of peptidylglycine alpha-amidating monooxygenase: an in situ hybridization and immunocytochemical study.

Abstract : Peptide alpha-amidation, an essential posttranslational modification that confers bioactivity to many neuroendocrine peptides, is catalyzed by peptidylglycine alpha-amidating monooxygenase (PAM; EC To complement our previous studies on the distribution of PAM in neuroendocrine organs, we have examined expression of the PAM gene in several endocrine tissues by in situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry. In all instances, the autoradiographic densities for PAM mRNA correlated with staining patterns for PAM immunoreactivity. Very high levels of PAM mRNA were found in all heart atrial cardiomyocytes, while much lower levels were present in ventricular cells. In the sublingual gland, PAM was expressed diffusely in both acinar and tubule cells. In contrast, expression of PAM was confined to granular convoluted tubule cells in the submaxillary gland. PAM was expressed at high levels in a subset of adrenal medullary chromaffin cells, and low levels of PAM mRNA and immunoreactivity were also detected in the adrenal cortex. PAM was found predominantly in the calcitonin-producing parafollicular C-cells in the thyroid gland and in the glucagon-containing A-cells in the endocrine pancreas. Collecting and distal tubule cells of the kidney expressed both PAM mRNA and immunoreactivity. The basal cells in testicular seminiferous tubules containing PAM may represent developing germ and Sertoli cells. The cellular localization of PAM within the thyroid gland, adrenal gland, testis, and pancreas correlated with known peptidergic systems, and some of the observed cellular heterogeneity in PAM mRNA expression and immunoreactivity may reflect differences in the levels of amidated peptide production. The expression of PAM in cells not known to produce high levels of alpha-amidated peptides may indicate the production of yet unidentified alpha-amidated bioactive peptides or alternative functions of the PAM protein.
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Contributor : l'Houcine Ouafik <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 30, 2018 - 3:06:42 PM
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K.M. Braas, S.A. Harakall, L. Ouafik, B.A. Eipper, V. May. Expression of peptidylglycine alpha-amidating monooxygenase: an in situ hybridization and immunocytochemical study.. Endocrinology, Endocrine Society, 1992, 130 (5), pp.2778 - 2788. ⟨10.1210/endo.130.5.1572293⟩. ⟨hal-01803559⟩



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