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Evidence of high expression of peptidylglycine-amidating monooxygenase in the rat uterus: Estrogen regulation

Abstract : In the present study, high levels of peptidyl-glycine-amidating monooxygenase (PAM), which catalyzes the two-step formation of bioactive-amidated peptides from their glycine-extended precursors, have been found in the uterus. Expression of PAM was evaluated in the uterus of intact cycling adult female rats and after experimental manipulation of the estrogen status of the rats. During the estrous cycle, PAM mRNA levels exhibited striking changes inversely related to the physiological variations of plasma estrogen levels. The levels of PAM transcripts changed markedly during the estrous cycle, reaching the highest levels at metestrus. There was a 15-fold increase in the abundance of PAM mRNA between metestrus and proestrus. Chronic treatment of ovariectomized rats with 17-estradiol decreased PAM mRNA levels to values comparable with those found in intact rats at proestrus. Progesterone was without effect on PAM mRNA levels, indicating that the effect was specific for estradiol. In situ hybridization studies were conducted to determine the tissue disposition and cell types expressing PAM. High levels of PAM mRNA were localized in the endometrium at the level of luminal and glandular cells. A weak signal was observed in stromal cells, and the myometrium cells were negative. 17-Estradiol treatment induced an overall decrease of the hybrid-ization signal, as compared with ovariectomized rats. These results demonstrate the presence of high levels of PAM in the uterus and indicate that estrogens are involved in regulating the expression of the enzyme in this tissue. However, the present study provides no information regarding whether this regulation takes place at the level of transcription or influences mRNA stability.
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Rajaâ El Meskini, Christine Delfino, Françoise Boudouresque, Charles Oliver, Pierre-Marie Martin, et al.. Evidence of high expression of peptidylglycine-amidating monooxygenase in the rat uterus: Estrogen regulation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America , National Academy of Sciences, 1998, 95 (12), pp.7191-7196. ⟨10.1073/pnas.95.12.7191⟩. ⟨hal-01808299⟩

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