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Spectrofluorimetric quantification of antibiotic drug concentration in bacterial cells for the characterization of translocation across bacterial membranes

Abstract : The efficacy of antibacterial molecules depends on their capacity to reach inhibitory concentrations in the vicinity of their target. This is particularly challenging for drugs directed against Gram-negative bacteria, which have a complex envelope comprising two membranes and efflux pumps. Precise determination of the bacterial drug content is an essential prerequisite for drug development. Here we describe three approaches that have been developed in our laboratories to quantify drugs accumulated in intact cells by spectrofluorimetry, microspectrofluorimetry, and kinetics microspectrofluorimetry (KMSF). These different procedures provide complementary results that highlight the contribution of membrane-associated mechanisms, including influx through the outer membrane (OM) and efflux, and the importance of the physicochemical properties of the transported drugs for the intracellular concentration of a given antibiotic in a given bacterial population. The three key stages of this protocol are preparation of the bacterial strains in the presence of the antibiotic; preparation of the whole-cell lysates (WCLs) and fluorescence readings; and data analysis, including normalization and quantitation of the intracellular antibiotic fluorescence relative to the internal standard and the antibiotic standard curve, respectively. Fluorimetry is limited to naturally fluorescent or labeled compounds, but in contrast to existing alternative methods such as mass spectrometry, it uniquely allows single-cell analysis. From culture growth to data analysis, the protocol described here takes 5 d.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01824361
Contributor : Emmanuelle Rosa <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, June 27, 2018 - 10:25:55 AM
Last modification on : Friday, May 22, 2020 - 10:44:17 AM

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Julia Vergalli, Estelle Dumont, Jelena Pajović, Bertrand Cinquin, Laure Maigre, et al.. Spectrofluorimetric quantification of antibiotic drug concentration in bacterial cells for the characterization of translocation across bacterial membranes. Nature Protocols, Nature Publishing Group, 2018, 13 (6), pp.1348 - 1361. ⟨10.1038/nprot.2018.036⟩. ⟨hal-01824361⟩

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