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Dual regulation of activity and intracellular localization of the PASTA kinase PrkC during Bacillus subtilis growth

Abstract : The activity of the PrkC protein kinase is regulated in a sophisticated manner in Bacillus subtilis cells. In spores, in the presence of muropeptides, PrkC stimulates dormancy exit. The extracellular region containing PASTA domains binds peptidoglycan fragments to probably enhance the intracellular kinase activity. During exponential growth, the cell division protein GpsB interacts with the intracellular domain of PrkC to stimulate its activity. In this paper, we have reinvestigated the regulation of PrkC during exponential and stationary phases. We observed that, during exponential growth, neither its septal localization nor its activity are influenced by the addition of peptidoglycan fragments or by the deletion of one or all PASTA domains. However, Dynamic Light Scattering experiments suggest that peptidoglycan fragments bind specifically to PrkC and induce its oligomerization. In addition, during stationary phase, PrkC appeared evenly distributed in the cell wall and the deletion of one or all PASTA domains led to a non-activated kinase. We conclude that PrkC activation is not as straightforward as previously suggested and that regulation of its kinase activity via the PASTA domains and peptidoglycan fragments binding occurs when PrkC is not concentrated to the bacterial septum, but all over the cell wall in non-dividing bacillus cells.
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Frederique Pompeo, Deborah Byrne, Dominique Mengin-Lecreulx, Anne Galinier. Dual regulation of activity and intracellular localization of the PASTA kinase PrkC during Bacillus subtilis growth. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2018, 8 (1), ⟨10.1038/s41598-018-20145-2⟩. ⟨hal-01893240⟩

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