Intensity dynamics as evidence of nasal compensation for consonant voicing in Spanish apraxic speakers

Abstract : This paper is concerned with the phonetic realization of the voicing contrast by two Spanish speakers with surgery-related apraxia of speech and two matched control speakers. Specifically, it examines whether speakers with AOS, widely reported to have a deficit in laryngeal control, use nasal leak as a compensatory mechanism aimed at facilitating the initiation of voicing in word-initial stops. The results show that the two apraxic speakers produced prevoicing in /b d g/ in only one third of the cases (correctly identified as 'voiced'). In these cases, however, they exhibited significantly longer prevoicing than control subjects, and this longer voiced portion was closely related to a longer nasal murmur. These results shed light on the compensation strategies used by apraxic subjects to achieve voicing. Differences in the intensity patterns of nasal and voiced stops indicate that apraxic speakers control the timing of velopharyngeal gesture, suggesting that apraxia is a selective impairment.
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Anna Marczyk, Yohann Meynadier, Thierry Legou, Maria-Josep Solé. Intensity dynamics as evidence of nasal compensation for consonant voicing in Spanish apraxic speakers. 16th Conference on Laboratory Phonology,16th Conference on Laboratory Phonology,, Jun 2018, Libon, Portugal. ⟨hal-01979118⟩

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