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ABCB1 (P-glycoprotein) regulates vitamin D absorption and contributes to its transintestinal efflux

Abstract : Efficient intestinal absorption of dietary vitamin D is required in most people to ensure an adequate status. Thus, we investigated the involvement of ATP binding cassette subfamily B member 1 (ABCB1) in vitamin D intestinal efflux. Both cholecalciferol (D3) and 25-hydroxycholecalciferol [25(OH)D3] apical effluxes were decreased by chemical inhibition of ABCB1 in Caco-2 cells and increased by ABCB1 overexpression in Griptites or Madin-Darby canine kidney type II cells. Mice deficient for the 2 murine ABCB1s encoded by Abcb1a and Abcb1b genes ( Abcb1-/-) displayed an accumulation of 25(OH)D3 in plasma, intestine, brain, liver, and kidneys, together with an increased D3 postprandial response after gavage compared with controls. 25(OH)D3 efflux through Abcb1-/- intestinal explants was markedly decreased compared with controls. This reduction of 25(OH)D3 transfer from plasma to lumen was further confirmed in vivo in intestine-perfused mice. Docking experiments established that both D3 and 25(OH)D3 could bind with high affinity to Caenorhabditis elegans P-glycoprotein, used as an ABCB1 model. Finally, in a group of 39 healthy male adults, a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in ABCB1 (rs17064) was significantly associated with the fasting plasma 25(OH)D3 concentration. Thus, we showed here for the first time that ABCB1 is involved in neo-absorbed vitamin D efflux by the enterocytes and that it also contributes to vitamin D transintestinal excretion and likely impacts vitamin D status.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 18, 2019 - 11:35:33 AM
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Marielle Margier, Xavier Collet, Cédric Le May, Charles Desmarchelier, François André, et al.. ABCB1 (P-glycoprotein) regulates vitamin D absorption and contributes to its transintestinal efflux. FASEB Journal, Federation of American Society of Experimental Biology, 2019, 33 (2), pp.2084-2094. ⟨10.1096/fj.201800956R⟩. ⟨hal-01986017⟩

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