Du rouge pour le Noir. Du corail méditerranéen pour la traite négrière au XVIIIe siècle

Abstract : In the eighteenth century, European observers highlighted the passion of the people of black Africa for Mediterranean red coral. This product appeared in the cargoes of European slave ships either in the form of branches or in polished form and became part of the first globalization of commerce. It was especially important in trade between Europe and Asia. Marseille contributed to these exchanges thanks to nearby coral reefs and the French Royal Company of Africa’s control of those in North Africa. The coral was then cut and polished in workshops and factories around the city. It accounted for a small portion of the merchandise boarded on Marseilles ships engaged in the Atlantic slave trade. Traders also served as links between the French Royal Company of Africa and the East India Company (Lorient) to disseminate part of the Mediterranean production. Coral was used to buy slaves but also as a “product appeal” to begin a negotiation.
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Gilbert Buti. Du rouge pour le Noir. Du corail méditerranéen pour la traite négrière au XVIIIe siècle. Rives Méditérannéennes, UMR TELEMME, 2018, Autour du corail rouge de Méditerranée, pp.109-128. ⟨https://journals.openedition.org/rives/5747⟩. ⟨10.4000/rives.5747⟩. ⟨hal-01991948⟩

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