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β-Cyclodextrin Does not Alter the Bioaccessibility and the Uptake by Caco-2 Cells of Olive By-Product Phenolic Compounds

Abstract : Alperujo-a two-phase olive mill waste that is composed of olive vegetation water and solid skin, pulp, and seed fragments-is a highly valuable olive by-product due to its high content in phenolic compounds. In this study, we assessed whether β-cyclodextrin (β-CD), which is used to extract and protect alpejuro phenolic compounds (hydroxytyrosol-O-glucoside, tyrosol, caffeic, and p-coumaric acids) could impact on their bioaccessibility (i.e., the percentage of molecule found in the aqueous phase of the digesta) and uptake by intestinal cells, by using an in vitro digestion model and Caco-2 TC7 cells in culture, respectively. Our results showed that β-CD did not change the bioaccessibility of the selected phenols. Hydroxytyrosol-O-glucoside and caffeic did not cross Caco-2 cell monolayers. Conversely ferulic acid, identified as the main caffeic acid intestinal metabolite, was absorbed through intestinal cell monolayers (~20%). Interestingly, β-CD moderately but significantly improved the local absorption of tyrosol and p-coumaric acid (2.3 + 1.4% and 8.5 ± 4.2%, respectively, p < 0.05), even if their final bioavailability (expressed as bioaccessibility × absorption by Caco-2 cells) was not modified (16.2 ± 0.6% vs. 16.8 ± 0.5% for tyrosol and 32.0 ± 3.2% vs. 37.2 ± 3.2% for p-coumaric acid, from pure alperujo and alperujo complexed with β-CD, respectively). Overall, our results show that β-CD is an interesting extraction and storage agent for phenolic compounds that does not alter their in vitro bioavailability.
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Malapert et al. Nutrients 2018...
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Aurélia Malapert, Valérie Tomao, Marielle Margier, Marion Nowicki, Béatrice Gleize, et al.. β-Cyclodextrin Does not Alter the Bioaccessibility and the Uptake by Caco-2 Cells of Olive By-Product Phenolic Compounds. Nutrients, MDPI, 2018, 10 (11), pp.1653. ⟨10.3390/nu10111653⟩. ⟨hal-02022906⟩

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