M. Le-guen, C. Ventola, A. Bohet, C. Moreau, and N. Bajos, Men's contraceptive practices in France: evidence of male involvement in family planning, Contraception, vol.92, p.25820023, 2015.

C. W. Martin, R. A. Anderson, L. Cheng, P. C. Ho, Z. Van-der-spuy et al., Potential impact of hormonal male contraception: cross-cultural implications for development of novel preparations, Hum Reprod Oxf Engl, vol.15, pp.637-645, 2000.

K. Heinemann, F. Saad, M. Wiesemes, S. White, and L. Heinemann, Attitudes toward male fertility control: results of a multinational survey on four continents, Hum Reprod Oxf Engl, vol.20, p.15608042, 2005.

J. Eberhardt, A. Van-wersch, and N. Meikle, Attitudes towards the male contraceptive pill in men and women in casual and stable sexual relationships, J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care, vol.35, p.19622206, 2009.

A. Glasier, Acceptability of contraception for men: a review, Contraception, vol.82, p.20933119, 2010.

. Wersch-a-van, J. Eberhardt, and F. Stringer, Attitudes towards the male contraceptive pill: psychosocial and cultural explanations for delaying a marketable product, Basic Clin Androl, vol.22, pp.171-179, 2012.

A. Costantino, G. Gava, M. Berra, M. Maria, and C. , Advances in male hormonal contraception, Indian J Med Res, vol.140, pp.58-62, 2014.

J. Ross, K. Hardee, . Use, . Male, . Of et al., J Biosoc Sci, vol.49, p.27890042, 2017.

J. A. Higgins and Y. Wang, Which young adults are most likely to use withdrawal?, Contraception, vol.91, p.25530102, 2015.

, Contraceptive efficacy of testosterone-induced azoospermia in normal men, The Lancet, vol.336, pp.955-959, 1990.

J. Soufir, G. Meduri, and A. Ziyyat, Spermatogenetic inhibition in men taking a combination of oral medroxyprogesterone acetate and percutaneous testosterone as a male contraceptive method, Hum Reprod, vol.26, p.21551452, 2011.

P. Y. Liu, R. S. Swerdloff, B. D. Anawalt, R. A. Anderson, W. J. Bremner et al., Determinants of the rate and extent of spermatogenic suppression during hormonal male contraception: an integrated analysis, J Clin Endocrinol Metab, vol.93, p.18303073, 2008.

E. Nieschlag, Clinical trials in male hormonal contraception. Contraception, vol.82, p.20933120, 2010.

J. Soufir, Hormonal, chemical and thermal inhibition of spermatogenesis: contribution of French teams to international data with the aim of developing male contraception in France, Basic Clin Androl, vol.27, p.28101363, 2017.

, The Parkes Lecture Heat and the testis, 2017.

G. Waites, Temperature regulation and the testis, pp.241-279, 1970.

Y. Liu, Temperature control of spermatogenesis and prospect of male contraception, Front Biosci Sch Ed, vol.2, pp.730-755, 2010.

. Watanabe, The effect of heat on the human spermatogenesis-Google Scholar, pp.10-101, 2017.

D. Robinson, J. Rock, and M. F. Menkin, Control of human spermatogenesis by induced changes of intrascrotal temperature, JAMA, vol.204, p.5694622, 1968.

D. Robinson and J. Rock, Intrascrotal hyperthermia induced by scrotal insulation: effect on spermatogenesis, Obstet Gynecol, vol.29, p.6018169, 1967.

R. Mieusset, H. Grandjean, A. Mansat, and F. Pontonnier, Inhibiting effect of artificial cryptorchidism on spermatogenesis, Fertil Steril, vol.43, p.3987927, 1985.

A. Shafik, Testicular suspension as a method of male contraception: technique and results, Adv Contracept Deliv Syst CDS, vol.7, p.12284770, 1991.

A. Shafik, Contraceptive efficacy of polyester-induced azoospermia in normal men, Contraception, vol.45, p.1623716, 1992.

G. Ahmad, N. Moinard, C. Esquerré-lamare, R. Mieusset, and L. Bujan, Mild induced testicular and epididymal hyperthermia alters sperm chromatin integrity in men, Fertil Steril, vol.97, p.22265039, 2012.

, World Health Organization Task Force on Methods for the Regulation of Male Fertility. Contraceptive efficacy of testosterone-induced azoospermia and oligozoospermia in normal men, Fertil Steril, vol.65, p.8654646, 1996.

Y. Gu, X. Liang, W. Wu, M. Liu, S. Song et al., Multicenter contraceptive efficacy trial of injectable testosterone undecanoate in Chinese men, J Clin Endocrinol Metab, vol.94, p.19293262, 2009.

N. Ilani, R. S. Swerdloff, and C. Wang, Male hormonal contraception: Potential risks and benefits, Rev Endocr Metab Disord, vol.12, p.21547529, 2011.

R. Mieusset and L. Bujan, The potential of mild testicular heating as a safe, effective and reversible contraceptive method for men, Int J Androl, vol.17, p.7995654, 1994.

M. C. Meriggiola, S. Cerpolini, W. J. Bremner, M. T. Mbizvo, K. M. Vogelsong et al., Acceptability of an injectable male contraceptive regimen of norethisterone enanthate and testosterone undecanoate for men, Hum Reprod Oxf Engl, vol.21, p.16731547, 2006.

M. Y. Roth, G. Shih, N. Ilani, C. Wang, S. T. Page et al., Acceptability of a transdermal gelbased male hormonal contraceptive in a randomized controlled trial, Contraception, vol.90, p.24981149, 2014.

A. T. Luchowski, B. L. Anderson, M. L. Power, G. B. Raglan, E. Espey et al., Obstetrician-gynecologists and contraception: long-acting reversible contraception practices and education, Contraception, vol.89, p.24656553, 2014.

M. K. Murphy, C. Stoffel, M. Nolan, and S. Haider, Interdependent Barriers to Providing Adolescents with LongActing Reversible Contraception: Qualitative Insights from Providers, J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol, vol.29, p.26851537, 2016.

J. Nya-ngatchou and J. K. Amory, New approaches to male non-hormonal contraception, Contraception, vol.87, p.22995542, 2013.

O. Rand, M. G. Silva, E. Hamil, and K. G. , Non-hormonal male contraception: A review and development of an Eppin based contraceptive, Pharmacol Ther, vol.157, p.26593445, 2016.

M. Y. Roth and J. K. Amory, Beyond the Condom: Frontiers in Male Contraception, Semin Reprod Med, vol.34, p.26947703, 2016.

M. Y. Roth, S. T. Page, and W. J. Bremner, Male hormonal contraception: looking back and moving forward, Andrology, vol.4, p.26453296, 2016.

R. A. Anderson and D. T. Baird, Male Contraception, Endocr Rev, vol.23, p.12466187, 2002.

N. Kalampalikis and F. Buschini, La contraception masculine médicalisée: enjeux psychosociaux et craintes imaginaires, Abstract. Nouv Rev Psychosociologie, pp.89-104, 2007.

A. Jardin, V. Izard, and F. La-vasectomie-en, La contraception masculine, pp.129-136, 2013.

. France and . France, , 2017.

A. F. Glasier, R. Anakwe, D. Everington, C. W. Martin, Z. Van-der-spuy et al., Would women trust their partners to use a male pill, Hum Reprod Oxf Engl, vol.15, pp.646-649, 2000.

A. Glasier, Acceptability of contraception for men: a review, Contraception, vol.82, p.20933119, 2010.

C. Moreau, J. Trussell, and N. Bajos, Religiosity, religious affiliation, and patterns of sexual activity and contraceptive use in France, Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Off J Eur Soc Contracept, vol.18, p.23547890, 2013.

, Alerte sur la pilule de 3e et 4e génération, p.23, 2018.

. Bajos, La crise de la pilule en France: vers un nouveau modèle contraceptif, 2014.

R. Mieusset, Les essais de contraception masculine par la chaleur. La contraception masculine, pp.77-91, 2013.
DOI : 10.1007/978-2-8178-0346-3_6

A. Pages, La contraception hormonale masculine: acceptabilité des médecins prescripteurs français