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Mechanisms of tissue factor induction by the uremic toxin indole-3 acetic acid through aryl hydrocarbon receptor/nuclear factor-kappa B signaling pathway in human endothelial cells

Abstract : Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with high risk of thrombosis. Indole-3 acetic acid (IAA), an indolic uremic toxin, induces the expression of tissue factor (TF) in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) via the transcription factor aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). This study aimed to understand the signaling pathways involved in AhR-mediated TF induction by IAA. We incubated human endothelial cells with IAA at 50 mu M, the maximal concentration found in patients with CKD. IAA induced TF expression in different types of human endothelial cells: umbilical vein (HUVEC), aortic (HAoEC), and cardiac-derived microvascular (HMVEC-C). Using AhR inhibition and chromatin immunoprecipitation experiments, we showed that TF induction by IAA in HUVEC was controlled by AhR and that AhR did not bind to the TF promoter. The analysis of TF promoter activity using luciferase reporter plasmids showed that the NF-B site was essential in TF induction by IAA. In addition, TF induction by IAA was drastically decreased by an inhibitor of the NF-B pathway. IAA induced the nuclear translocation of NF-B p50 subunit, which was decreased by AhR and p38MAPK inhibition. Finally, in a cohort of 92 CKD patients on hemodialysis, circulating TF was independently related to serum IAA in multivariate analysis. In conclusion, TF up-regulation by IAA in human endothelial cells involves a non-genomic AhR/p38 MAPK/NF-B pathway. The understanding of signal transduction pathways related to AhR thrombotic/inflammatory pathway is of interest to find therapeutic targets to reduce TF expression and thrombotic risk in patients with CKD.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02060898
Contributor : Françoise Dignat-George <>
Submitted on : Thursday, March 7, 2019 - 5:00:48 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 19, 2020 - 12:08:17 PM

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Tawfik Addi, Stéphane Poitevin, Nathalie Mckay, Kamel Eddine El Mecherfi, Omar Kheroua, et al.. Mechanisms of tissue factor induction by the uremic toxin indole-3 acetic acid through aryl hydrocarbon receptor/nuclear factor-kappa B signaling pathway in human endothelial cells. Archives of Toxicology, Springer Verlag, 2019, 93 (1), pp.121-136. ⟨10.1007/s00204-018-2328-3⟩. ⟨hal-02060898⟩

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