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Clinical Significance of Aortic Root Modification Associated With Bicuspid Aortic Valve in Marfan Syndrome.

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Both bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) and Marfan syndrome have been associated with aortic dissection risk, but it is unknown whether the presence of BAV is associated with an increased aortic risk in patients with an FBN1 gene mutation. We evaluated aortic diameters, aortic valve function, and aortic shape in Marfan syndrome patients with and without BAV and reported aortic events during follow-up. METHODS: All patients with an FBN1 gene mutation evaluated in our clinic were included. Aortic root diameters were measured, and the aortic valve was studied using echocardiography at each visit. RESULTS: Of the 1437 patients with an FBN1 gene mutation, 26 patients (1.8%) had a BAV. Both aortic root maximal diameter and normalized Z score were larger at all ages, in patients with BAV when compared with patients with tricuspid aortic valve. Prophylactic aortic root surgery tended to be performed in younger patients when BAV was present, although aortic diameter threshold was similar in the 2 populations. No aortic dissection was observed in Marfan syndrome patients with BAV. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with a FBN1 mutation, BAV is associated with larger aortic root diameter, with no difference in evolution of Z score with age. We found a trend towards prophylactic aortic root surgery at younger ages but similar aortic diameter thresholds without occurrence of aortic dissection. We did not find any evidence for lowering aortic diameter thresholds used to propose preventive aortic root surgery in the presence of BAV in patients with FBN1 mutations.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02063320
Contributor : Céline Guien <>
Submitted on : Monday, March 11, 2019 - 10:13:06 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 19, 2020 - 12:08:17 PM

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Olivier Milleron, Jacques Ropers, Florence Arnoult, Claire Bouleti, Gabriel Delorme, et al.. Clinical Significance of Aortic Root Modification Associated With Bicuspid Aortic Valve in Marfan Syndrome.. Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging, American Heart Association, 2019, ⟨10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.118.008129⟩. ⟨hal-02063320⟩

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