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Personality, Affectivity, and Alexithymia in Scuba Diving: Two Types of Risk Taking

Abstract : Objectives for this study were, first, to describe individual differences in risk taking among scuba divers. Differences were examined on personality dimensions and psycho-affective variables, including positive and negative affect, as well as alexithymia. In addition, the study examined contributors to two types of behavior associated with scuba diving-deliberate risk taking and controlled participation in a high-risk sport (non-risk-taking). A cross-sectional design was used, and 131 participants were assessed on extraversion-neuroticism, affectivity, and alexithymia. The broad dimensions of personality and affectivity explained risk taking among divers. Alexithymia differentially predicted two types of risk-taking behavior (direct or short-term and indirect or long-term) and was associated significantly with short-term risk-taking behavior.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 2, 2019 - 10:48:39 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 30, 2022 - 3:12:35 AM
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Agnès Bonnet-Suard, Vincent Bréjard, Jean-Louis Pedinielli. Personality, Affectivity, and Alexithymia in Scuba Diving: Two Types of Risk Taking. Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, Human Kinetics, 2017, 11 (3), pp.254 - 270. ⟨10.1123/jcsp.2014-0049⟩. ⟨hal-02087541⟩

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