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La marine marchande marseillaise en transition énergétique (1831-1851). Origines et enjeux d’un choix socio-écosystémique

Abstract : Between 1831 and 1851, the Marseilles merchant marine was lagging behind several Italian shipping companies and began to get rid of a renewable energy, free and clean - the wind - combined with an easily accessible and time-tested know-how, for the benefit of an expensive, cumbersome and polluting fossil energy - coal - backed by a complex and expensive technology, the steam engine. This article aims to find the actors of this evolution, to clarify the circumstances in which they had been led to make this socio-ecosystem choice, to identify the technology used and to analyze the outcome of their choice on the traffic, the practices, the tools, operating spaces and the environment of Marseilles harbour.
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Submitted on : Monday, April 29, 2019 - 9:45:34 AM
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Xavier Daumalin, Olivier Raveux. La marine marchande marseillaise en transition énergétique (1831-1851). Origines et enjeux d’un choix socio-écosystémique. Cahiers de la Méditerranée, Centre de la Méditerranée Moderne et Contemporaine (CMMC) - Université de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, 2018, pp.223-239. ⟨hal-02090022⟩

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