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Elevated serum Krebs von den Lungen-6 in systemic sclerosis: a marker of lung fibrosis and severity of the disease

Abstract : We aimed to assess the clinical significance of Krebs von den Lungen-6 (KL-6) in the diagnosis and severity of interstitial lung disease (ILD) in a French cohort of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). Serum KL-6 concentrations were measured with chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay (CLEIA) in 75 SSc patients. Patients were divided into two groups according to the presence of interstitial lung disease (SSc-ILD versus SSc-without ILD) on chest High-Resolution Computed Tomography. Pulmonary function tests, main manifestations and severity of the lung disease (Medsger's severity scale) were collected. KL-6 serum concentrations were significantly higher in SSc-ILD patients than in those without ILD (p < 10(-4)) and were inversely correlated with forced vital capacity, total lung capacity and diffuse lung capacity of carbon monoxide. Serum KL-6 level superior to 872 U/ml appeared as the optimal cut-off value associated with ILD. Patients with a restrictive pulmonary syndrome and dyspnoea had significant higher KL-6 serum concentrations. SSc patients with anti-topoisomerase 1 antibodies had higher KL-6 serum levels than patients with anti-centromere antibodies (p < 10(- 4)). ILD and anti-topoisomerase 1 antibodies were independent factors associated with KL-6 in multivariate analysis. Interestingly, KL-6 serum concentrations positively increased with the patient lung severity. Our study confirms that KL-6 is an accurate biomarker for the diagnosis of SSc-ILD in a French cohort of patients. High KL-6 levels should prompt physicians to assess ILD with pulmonary imaging and pulmonary functions tests. Prospective clinical studies are still required to determine whether levels of KL-6 might predict progression of ILD as well as its usefulness in the timing of therapeutic intervention.
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Submitted on : Friday, April 5, 2019 - 3:54:38 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 14, 2022 - 9:08:54 AM



Audrey Benyamine, Xavier Heim, Noémie Resseguier, Daniel Bertin, Carine Gomez, et al.. Elevated serum Krebs von den Lungen-6 in systemic sclerosis: a marker of lung fibrosis and severity of the disease. Rheumatology International, 2018, 38 (5), pp.813-819. ⟨10.1007/s00296-018-3987-3⟩. ⟨hal-02091332⟩



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